Statistics on labour costs Labour costs are a crucial factor in the ability of enterprises and countries to compete. When specific to the manufacturing sector, labour costs serve as an indicator of competitiveness of manufactured goods in world trade. This is why governments, social partners, researchers and national and internationalRead more

Work stoppages Grievances and conflicts are an inevitable part of the employment relationship. The objective of public policy is to manage conflict and promote sound labour relations by creating a system for the effective prevention and settlement of labour disputes.  Work stoppages can be strikes or lockouts. A strike isRead more

Statistics on collective bargaining Our working conditions determine to a great extent our living conditions (and those of our families), which is why it is crucial to ensure adequate working conditions for all. Social dialogue is one of the main means to promote satisfactory working conditions, as well as peaceRead more

Statistics on the working poor The working poor are employed people who live in households that fall below an accepted poverty line. While poverty in the developed world is often associated with unemployment, the extreme poverty that exists throughout much of the developing world is largely a problem of employedRead more

Statistics on working time Adequate working time is a crucial part of decent work. It represents a key element of working conditions and has a great impact on workers’ income, well-being, and living conditions. Some of the major challenges regarding working time have persisted since the dawn of the industrialRead more

Statistics on safety and health at work Occupational safety and health at work are vital components of decent work. The physical conditions and mental demands of the workplace determine to a great extent workers’ conditions. Occupational accidents have a significant human, social and economic cost, which we should thrive toRead more

Statistics on labour productivity Labour productivity is an important economic indicator that is closely linked to economic growth, competitiveness, and living standards within an economy. Labour productivity represents the total volume of output (measured in terms of Gross Domestic Product, GDP) produced per unit of labour (measured in terms ofRead more

Employment statistics The importance of employment as a pathway to economic development, social inclusion and well-being has long been recognised. As well as being at the heart of the ILO’s Decent Work Agenda, employment is a central element in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development which places emphasis on promoting productive employmentRead more

Child labour statistics Numbers on the extent, characteristics and determinants of child labour are provided by the Statistical Information and Monitoring Programme on Child Labour (SIMPOC), which assists countries in the collection, documentation, processing and analysis of child labour relevant data. This page provides extracts of the available information. ReferRead more

Statistics on unemployment and supplementary measures of labour underutilization Previous Next The unemployment rate is probably the best-known labour market measure and is certainly one of the most widely quoted by the media. The unemployment rate is a useful measure of the underutilization of the labour supply. It reflects theRead more

Industrial relations Indicator description Introduction Sound industrial relations and effective social dialogue are a means to promote better wages and working conditions as well as peace and social justice. As instruments of good governance, they foster cooperation and economic performance, helping to create an enabling environment for the realization ofRead more

Labour Market Information Systems (LMIS) What is LMIS and how we can help The identification of labour market issues critically rests on the availability of data, information and analysis. Labour market information systems (LMIS) provide an essential basis for employment and labour policies, and inform the design, implementation, monitoring andRead more

SDMX tools For data producers to generate and report labour statistics Statistics Metadata-driven Analysis & Reporting Tool (SMART) SMART allows users to generate and automate the production of analytical reports defined by means of a SDMX Data Structure Definition (DSD), either from processing micro-level data or from aggregated data byRead more

International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) The ISCED was designed by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in the early 1970s to serve as an instrument suitable forassembling, compiling and presenting comparable indicators and statistics of education, both within countries and internationally. The original version of ISCEDRead more

International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO) Classifications of occupations are used in national contexts for the collection and dissemination of statistics from sources such as population censuses, labour force surveys and other household surveys, employer surveys and other sources.  They are also used by governments and companies in activities suchRead more

International Conference of Labour Statisticians ICLS meeting documents 20th ICLS – 10 to 19 October 2018 The Conference adopted four resolutions concerning statistics on work relationships, child labour and the methodology of SDG indicators on labour rights and youth employment. Reports Resolutions and Guidelines Presentations Room documents Other documents ReportRead more

Statistics on consumer prices Consumer price indices (CPIs) measure changes over time in the level of prices of goods and services that households consume. In many countries, they were originally introduced to provide a measure of the changes in the living costs faced by workers, so that wage increases could beRead more

Statistics on international labour migration In today’s globalized world, labour migration is an increasingly important policy issue. Economic hardship and geopolitical crises leading to the lack of decent work are resulting in growing and diverse migratory movements. In many economies, including emerging economies, ageing populations and declining labour forces areRead more

Fundamental Principles of Official Statistics The United Nations Statistical Commission adopted the fundamental principles of official statistics in 1994 at the global level, which were then adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 2014. In 2018, the ILO Director-General fully committed to these principles 1. Relevance, impartiality and equal access Official statisticsRead more