Inactivity rates are increasing around the world, while the global population and labour force are ageing. But the inactivity rate is an aggregate measure overlooking the different profiles of people outside the labour force. This new Spotlight on Work Statistics explores the characteristics of the potential labour force, made up of persons outside the labour force with an attachment to the labour market.

Country groupings by ILO region and WB income group Excel version of country groupings

Statistics on labour costs Labour costs are a crucial factor in the ability of enterprises and countries to compete. When specific to the manufacturing sector, labour costs serve as an indicator of competitiveness of manufactured goods in world trade. This is why governments, social partners, researchers and national and internationalRead more

Work stoppages Grievances and conflicts are an inevitable part of the employment relationship. The objective of public policy is to manage conflict and promote sound labour relations by creating a system for the effective prevention and settlement of labour disputes.  Work stoppages can be strikes or lockouts. A strike isRead more

Statistics on collective bargaining Our working conditions determine to a great extent our living conditions (and those of our families), which is why it is crucial to ensure adequate working conditions for all. Social dialogue is one of the main means to promote satisfactory working conditions, as well as peaceRead more

Statistics on the working poor The working poor are employed people who live in households that fall below an accepted poverty line. While poverty in the developed world is often associated with unemployment, the extreme poverty that exists throughout much of the developing world is largely a problem of employedRead more

Statistics on working time Adequate working time is a crucial part of decent work. It represents a key element of working conditions and has a great impact on workers’ income, well-being, and living conditions. Some of the major challenges regarding working time have persisted since the dawn of the industrialRead more

Statistics on safety and health at work Occupational safety and health at work are vital components of decent work. The physical conditions and mental demands of the workplace determine to a great extent workers’ conditions. Occupational accidents have a significant human, social and economic cost, which we should thrive toRead more

Statistics on labour productivity Labour productivity is an important economic indicator that is closely linked to economic growth, competitiveness, and living standards within an economy. Labour productivity represents the total volume of output (measured in terms of Gross Domestic Product, GDP) produced per unit of labour (measured in terms ofRead more

Employment statistics The importance of employment as a pathway to economic development, social inclusion and well-being has long been recognised. As well as being at the heart of the ILO’s Decent Work Agenda, employment is a central element in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development which places emphasis on promoting productive employmentRead more

Child labour statistics Numbers on the extent, characteristics and determinants of child labour are provided by the Statistical Information and Monitoring Programme on Child Labour (SIMPOC), which assists countries in the collection, documentation, processing and analysis of child labour relevant data. This page provides extracts of the available information. ReferRead more

Statistics on social protection Universal social protection is essential for realizing the human right to social security for all, advancing social justice and promoting inclusive growth, and accelerating progress towards achieving the globally agreed 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and its Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Featured publication World Social ProtectionRead more

Statistics on unemployment and supplementary measures of labour underutilization Previous Next The unemployment rate is probably the best-known labour market measure and is certainly one of the most widely quoted by the media. The unemployment rate is a useful measure of the underutilization of the labour supply. It reflects theRead more

Statistics on labour income and inequality What is labour income and why does it matter? Labour income is the amount that employed people earn by working. Economists use this concept to distinguish it from capital income. Owners of assets earn capital income due to their property. Assets include land, machines, buildingsRead more

Unemployment rate Indicator description Introduction The unemployment rate is probably the best-known labour market measure and certainly one of the most widely quoted by media in many countries. The unemployment rate is a useful measure of the underutilization of the labour supply. It reflects the inability of an economy toRead more

Time-related underemployment rate Indicator description Introduction The time-related underemployment rate is a measure of labour underutilization that provides information regarding the share of employed persons who are willing and available to increase their working time (for production within the SNA production boundary) and worked fewer hours than a specified timeRead more

Status in employment Indicator description Introduction This indicator provides information on how people’s jobs are classified based on the associated type of economic risk and the type of authority of job incumbents over establishments and other workers. ILOSTAT contains statistics from national sources on employment by status in employment, alsoRead more

Labour productivity Indicator description Introduction Labour productivity is an important economic indicator that is closely linked to economic growth, competitiveness, and living standards. Labour productivity represents the total volume of output (measured in terms of Gross Domestic Product, GDP) produced per unit of labour (measured in terms of the numberRead more