Unemployment rate Indicator description Introduction The unemployment rate is probably the best-known labour market measure and certainly one of the most widely quoted by media in many countries. The unemployment rate is a useful measure of the underutilization of the labour supply. It reflects the inability of an economy toRead more

Time-related underemployment rate Indicator description Introduction The time-related underemployment rate is a measure of labour underutilization that provides information regarding the share of employed persons who are willing and available to increase their working time (for production within the SNA production boundary) and worked fewer hours than a specified timeRead more

Status in employment Indicator description Introduction This indicator provides information on how people’s jobs are classified based on the associated type of economic risk and the type of authority of job incumbents over establishments and other workers. ILOSTAT contains statistics from national sources on employment by status in employment, alsoRead more

Labour productivity Indicator description Introduction Labour productivity is an important economic indicator that is closely linked to economic growth, competitiveness, and living standards. Labour productivity represents the total volume of output (measured in terms of Gross Domestic Product, GDP) produced per unit of labour (measured in terms of the numberRead more

Employment by occupation Indicator description Introduction This indicator provides information on the distribution of employment across different occupations. Having detailed statistics on employment by occupation also disaggregated by sex allows for the calculation of the proportion of women in managerial positions, which was included as one of the indicators toRead more

Labour force participation rate Indicator description Introduction The labour force participation rate is a measure of the proportion of a country’s working-age population that engages actively in the labour market, either by working or looking for work; it provides an indication of the size of the supply of labour availableRead more

Labour inspection Indicator description Introduction Proper application of labour legislation depends on an effective labour inspectorate. Labour inspectors examine whether national labour standards are applied in the workplace and advise employers and workers on how to improve the application of national law in such matters as working time, wages, occupationalRead more

Industrial relations Indicator description Introduction Sound industrial relations and effective social dialogue are a means to promote better wages and working conditions as well as peace and social justice. As instruments of good governance, they foster cooperation and economic performance, helping to create an enabling environment for the realization ofRead more

Occupational injuries Indicator description Introduction Occupational safety and health at work are vital components of decent work. Statistics on occupational injuries are essential to assess the extent to which workers are protected from work-related hazards and risks. In this regard, indicators on occupational injuries are complementary to those on labourRead more

Hours of work Indicator description Introduction Decent working time is a crucial part of decent work. Statistics on hours of work are essential to assess working conditions of employed persons. ILOSTAT presents information on various indicators pertaining to hours of work, obtained from national sources. It features statistics on theRead more

Employment-to-population ratio Indicator description Introduction The employment-to-population ratio is defined as the proportion of a country’s working-age population that is employed. A high ratio means that a large proportion of a country’s population is employed, while a low ratio means that a large share of the population is not involvedRead more

Employment by education Indicator description Introduction Human resources are the most valuable and productive resource. Countries depend on the health, strength and skills of their workers to produce goods and services for consumption and trade. The advance of complex organizations and knowledge requirements, as well as the introduction of sophisticatedRead more

Employment by economic activity Indicator description Introduction This indicator provides information on employment across different economic activities. Information by sector of economic activity is particularly useful in identifying broad shifts in employment and stages of development. Having detailed statistics on employment by economic activity allows for the calculation of the shareRead more

Informality Indicator description Introduction The informal sector represents an important part of the economy, and certainly of the labour market, in many countries. It also plays a major role in employment creation, production and income generation. In lower-income countries with high rates of population growth or urbanization, the informal sectorRead more

Earnings and labour cost Indicator description Introduction Earnings and labour cost are two distinct but complementary concepts. They differ in their nature and primary objectives. Earnings are important from the workers’ point of view and represent a measure of their purchasing power and an approximation of their standard of living,Read more