This classification differentiates between persons with and without disability. The term “disability”, as defined in the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) (World Health Organization, Geneva, 2001), is used as an umbrella term, covering impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictions. Impairments are problems in body function or structure such as a significant deviation or loss. Activity limitations are difficulties an individual may have in executing activities. Participation restrictions are problems an individual may experience in involvement in life situations. For measurement purposes, a person with disability is defined as a person who is limited in the kind or amount of activities that he or she can do because of ongoing difficulties due to a long-term physical condition, mental condition or health problem.

The following list of broad categories of disabilities, may be used:

  • seeing difficulties (even if wearing glasses)
  • hearing difficulties (even if using hearing aid)
  • speaking difficulties (e.g., talking)
  • moving/mobility difficulties (e.g., walking, climbing stairs, standing)
  • body movement difficulties (e.g., reaching, crouching, kneeling)
  • gripping/holding difficulties (e.g., using fingers to grip or handle objects)
  • learning difficulties (e.g., intellectual difficulties, retardation)
  • behavioural difficulties (e.g., psychological, emotional problems)
  • personal care difficulties (e.g., bathing, dressing, feeding)
  • other difficulties
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