Work comprises any activity performed by persons of any sex and age to produce goods or to provide services for use by others or for own use. There are five mutually exclusive forms of work, which are distinguished on the basis of the intended destination of the production (for own final use; or for use by others, i.e. other economic units) and the nature of the transaction (i.e. monetary or non-monetary transactions, and transfers), as follows:

  1. own-use production work comprising production of goods and services for own final use;
  2. employment work comprising work performed for others in exchange for pay or profit;
  3. unpaid trainee work comprising work performed for others without pay to acquire workplace experience or skills;
  4. volunteer work comprising non-compulsory work performed for others without pay;
  5. other work activities (these include such activities as unpaid community service and unpaid work by prisoners, when ordered by a court or similar authority, and unpaid military or alternative civilian service, which may be treated as a distinct form of work for measurement)

For more information, refer to the Resolution concerning statistics of work, employment and labour underutilization.

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