Interactive LFS questionnaire viewer

This interactive Labour Force Survey (LFS) questionnaire viewer allows users to take a close look at questions in the ILO model LFS questionnaires for PAPI. Before starting, take a look at instructions and conventions used in the questionnaire: 

  • Place the mouse over the ❓ sign to learn about the purpose of modules, questions and answer options, and their national adaptation
  • Acronyms in brackets at the end of module titles indicate in which versions of the questionnaire modules appear
    • ALL – the module appears in all versions
    • JOB – the module appears only in the job-type start version
    • AGR – the module appears only in the agriculture work start version
    • MAC – the module appears only in the main activity start version
    • Acronyms connected by the + sign means that the module appears in several versions
  • Click on module titles to see/hide questions and on questions to see/hide answer options
  • Regular text: Indicates text to be read by the interviewer
  • CAPS ON GREEN BACKGROUND: INDICATES INTERVIEWER INSTRUCTIONS OR AIDS, NOT TO BE READ OUT LOUD
  • CAPS ON WHITE BACKGROUND: INDICATES RESPONSE CATEGORIES AND FILTERS NOT TO BE READ OUT LOUD
  • (Parenthesis): Indicates that a choice or a substitution must be made
  • Blue text: Indicates questions that may be included/excluded as per national context
  • [Text in red square brackets]: Indicates text that must be adapted as per national context
  • Bold text: Indicates question numbers, section headings, skips, and other structural items

Three versions were developed and can be browsed below. Evidence gathered through pilot studies suggests that these three versions can produce comparable estimates for key labour market indicators, but can be more suitable depending on the country context. 

Select a version: 

Job-type start questionnaire

This version is relevant for countries with low prevalence of small-scale own-account farming or fishing.
It starts with the detection of work for someone else in exchange for remuneration such as salary, wage, tips, or commissions as dependent workers. Respondnets who were not involved in this type of work are furthure asked about engagement in both agricultural and non-agricultural work for profit as independent workers.

  • Purpose:
    • Module RSP serves as the start of the personal interview on work-related characteristics.
    Adaptation:
    • It is addressed to household members of working age, as specified in the national context. It includes a small set of questions aimed at selecting the respondent for the personal interview and recording essential information for data quality evaluation. This covers: the type of respondent (direct or proxy) who answers to the questions on labour market characteristics, the characteristics of proxy respondents, and the start time of the personal interview.
    Module RSP: Respondent Status (ALL)
    • FOR MEMBERS OF WORKING AGE (>=N)
    • INTERVIEWER READ: The next questions are about (you/NAME)… Note: The first personal interview should be completed for the reference person (PPNO1). Then it should proceed in chronological order through the PPNO’s as relevant
    • Purpose:
      • To request direct participation of the selected respondent in the interview
      • To reduce reliance on indirect respondents during field operations
      • To improve the quality of data on labour market characteristics recorded
      Adaptation:
      • Recommended as a data quality measure to promote direct participation of eligible respondents in the survey
      • It may be excluded in countries where cultural norms may preclude conducting interviews with selected household members
      • Requires the interviewer to request the selected respondent by name
      • In PAPI surveys interviewers should be trained to write the PPNO and NAME of household members of working age in the corresponding space.
      RSP_1. Is (PPNO# NAME) available?
      • 1. YES
      • 2. NO
    • Purpose:
      • To calculate the survey proxy response rate
      • To monitor interviewer quality and plan duration of field operations when information on the number of visits to complete a household is also collected
      • To evaluate the impact of proxy response on data quality
      Adaptation:
      • Efforts should be made to interview directly each eligible household member, including for example, by scheduling a second visit
      • If not possible to interview each eligible household member, then a knowledgeable adult household member should be identified
      RSP_2. IS THE PERSON (HIM/HERSELF) RESPONDING TO THE QUESTIONS?
      • INTERVIEWER TO ANSWER: IS THE PERSON (HIM/HERSELF) RESPONDING TO THE QUESTIONS?
        • Code 01 includes all persons responding directly about their own situation
        1. YES → RSP_5
        • Code 02 includes all proxy respondents
        2. NO
    • Purpose:
      • For analysis of the impact of proxy response by demographic characteristics
      Adaptation:
      • In PAPI surveys interviewers should be trained to write in the PPNO of the proxy respondent as listed in the household roster
      RSP_3. THE PPNO OF THE PERSON RESPONDING TO THE QUESTIONS
      • INTERVIEWER, ENTER THE PPNO OF THE PERSON RESPONDING TO THE QUESTIONS
      • PPNO ___
    • Purpose:
      • To record the relationship between the proxy respondent and the selected household member
      • For analysis of the impact of proxy response
      Adaptation:
      • Optional inclusion
      RSP_4. Can you let me know what is your relationship to (PPNO#NAME)?
        • Code 01 includes cohabiting partners and multiple spouses in the case of polygamous households
        1. SPOUSE OR PARTNER
        • Code 02 includes biological, foster, step or adopted children
        2. SON OR DAUGHTER
        • Code 03 includes biological, foster, step parents or adoptive parents
        3. MOTHER OR FATHER
        • Code 04 includes other family relationships including siblings, family in law, etc.
        4. OTHER RELATIVE
        • Code 05 includes all unrelated persons, including domestic workers, living in the same household
        5. UNRELATED
    • Purpose:
      • To enable calculation of the total duration of the individual interviews
      • To support analysis of respondent burden by individual characteristics of the respondent
      Adaptation:
      • To be recorded in hours AND minutes, for each personal interview
      • The start time of the individual interview should be recorded at the start of the questions on employment, after completion of the household roster and any other module on the demographic and social characteristics of household members
      • Guidelines should be established to document interruptions, for example lasting more than 5 minutes, as per national survey practice
      RSP_5. START TIME OF THE INTERVIEW
      • INTERVIEWER, RECORD THE START TIME OF THE INTERVIEW
      • HH:MM __ : __
  • Purpose:
    • Module ATW serves as the start of the questions aimed at establishing the labour force status of the respondent.
    Adaptation:
    • It is addressed to all household members of working age, as specified in the national context. It includes a small set of questions to identify persons who were employed and working (i.e. “at work” in the short reference period). The questions are aligned with the international standards on statistics of work, employment and labour underutilization adopted by the 19th ICLS in 2013.
    Module ATW: Employed at work (JOB+AGR)
    • Purpose:
      • To identify persons who worked for someone else in exchange for remuneration such as salary, wage, tips, commissions
      • Required as part of the sequence to identify persons employed in the short reference period
      Adaptation:
      • The start and end dates for the reference week need to be specified as per national practice. For example, a moving calendar week should be specified as: Last week, that is from [Monday] to [Sunday] of last week, did…
      • The question is targeted to persons working for pay for someone else, in a dependent relationship. This includes persons who worked in the reference week in any type of paid job, for example as employees or apprentices, including casual, informal and part-time employees, for as little as one hour.
      • Paid jobs may be remunerated in wages, salaries, commission, tips or other pay, for work done or hours worked. The pay may be in cash or in kind (e.g. with food and lodging, with products or vouchers). It includes persons who worked in expectation of payment regardless of whether the payment was actually received or not.
      • Include persons who were temporarily not at their normal place of work for reasons such as teleworking arrangements, job-related travel or job-related training required by the employer
      • Exclude persons who worked as self-employed, for example in a business or market- oriented activity with the intention of earning a profit, whether as employer or own-account worker, or helping in a family business.
      • Risk of misinterpretation by respondents and interviewers alike can lead to mis-classification of own-use producers as employed (i.e. working for pay). For this reason it is important that people working in own account farming or fishing are not identified as “working for pay” in this question. Farmers working on their own account are meant to be captured in subsequent questions (AGF_2 and AGF_2b) for appropriate routing to the boundary check questions (Module AGF).
      • The question is not used to assign status in employment which is assigned based on questions asked after the respondent is identified as employed.
      • The question requires careful translation to the national language(s). Wording chosen to translate “work for someone else for pay” should be evaluated in the national context to ensure it is understood by respondents from different backgrounds as referring generally to “dependent paid employment” such as employees and apprentices, whether formal or informal.
      • It is not recommended to list many examples of types of pay nor to mention explicitly payment in kind in the question formulation. Accumulated field evidence indicates that long list of examples tends to confuse respondents rather than help. Reference to “pay in kind” is not widely understood and often misunderstood as carrying negative connotations.
      ATW_1. Last week, that is from [DAY] up to [DAY] did (you/NAME) work for someone else for pay, for one or more hours?
      • 1. YES → MJJ_1
      • 2. NO
    • Purpose:
      • To identify persons who worked in their business, including small own-account market-oriented activities
      • Required as part of the sequence to identify persons employed in the short reference period
      Adaptation:
      • The question refers to persons who worked in the reference week in any kind of business activity to earn an income in the form of profits, in cash or in kind, for as little as one hour. This includes persons who worked as employers, own account workers producing goods or providing services intended mainly for the market, or as members working in a family business or farm producing mainly for the market.
      • It includes persons who worked in a business activity with the intention of earning a profit, even if the business was not making a profit or was incurring a loss by the time of the interview.
      • Exclude persons who worked in the reference week in any kind of paid job, as employees or apprentices. These persons should have been captured in the previous question (ATW_1).
      • The question requires careful translation to the national language(s). Wording chosen to translate “any kind of business, farming or other activity to generate an income” should be evaluated in the national context to ensure it is understood by respondents from different backgrounds as referring generally to “market oriented self-employment”, whether formal or informal. Accumulated evidence indicates that the term “business” in particular tends to be understood more narrowly than intended, often excluding own-account market-oriented activities without fixed business premises. Inclusion of the additional terms “farming or other activity to generate an income” in the question is important to limit possible underreporting of self-employment activity.
      • Examples should be adapted to the national context and read only if needed. Useful examples include colloquial words commonly used locally for “casual self-employment work” and descriptors of common own-account market-oriented activities that may not be recognized as employment by people in general.
      ATW_2. Last week, did (you/NAME) run or do any kind of business, farming or other activity to generate income?
      • 1. YES → AGF_1b
      • 2. NO
      • READ IF NEEDED: For example: [making things for sale, growing produce for sale, buying and reselling things, provided services for pay, raising animals or catching fish for sale]
    • Purpose:
      • To recover persons who worked without receiving pay in a family-run business or helped a family member with their paid job.
      • Part of the sequence to identify persons employed in the short reference period
      Adaptation:
      • It includes persons who worked in any kind of business operated by a family member, for as little as one hour. The business may be any kind of self-employment activity, including a farm, producing goods or providing services intended mainly for the market. The business may be operated by family members living in the same household or in another household. Examples include a wife who assists her husband in the family business or a son or daughter helping in a family business without receiving any direct pay on a regular basis.
      • It also includes persons who assisted with any of the tasks or duties of an employee job held by a family member for as little as one hour. The family member may be living in the same household or in another household.
      • Accumulated evidence indicates that this question is critical to improve reporting of employment in family businesses, particularly among women and younger workers.
      • The term “help” should be retained in translations to the national language(s) as the question is targeted to persons who may not recognize their participation as employment, or even work.
      ATW_3. Last week, did (you/NAME) help in a family business or farm?
      • 1. YES → AGF_1b
      • 2. NO
  • Purpose:
    • Module ABS is part of the sequence of questions aimed at establishing the labour force status of the respondent.
    Adaptation:
    • It is addressed to household members of working age, who did not report having worked for pay or profit in the reference week (module ATW). It includes a small set of questions to identify persons who were temporarily absent from a paid job or business in the short reference period. The questions are aligned with the international standards on statistics of work, employment and labour underutilization adopted by the 19th ICLS in 2013.
    Module ABS: Temporary Absence (ALL)
    • Purpose:
      • To identify persons on temporary absence from a paid job or business in the reference period
      • Required as part of the sequence to identify persons employed
      Adaptation:
      • Asked only of persons of working age who were not identified as employed in the module “Employed, at work”
      • Temporary absence from a job or business refers to an interruption from an existing job or business. That is, the person should have been previously working in a specific paid job or business and expected to return to that same job or business after the absence.
      • Persons absent from their normal place of work for work-related reasons such as teleworking arrangements job-related travel or training should be considered employed, at work, in the reference week. That is, they should be captured as employed in the module “Employed, at work”
      • Persons who are about to start a new job or business, but have not yet started to work by the interview date are not considered to be absent from work. Such cases, referred to as “future starters” will be identified in the next question on “Reasons for absence” and subsequently routed like other respondents who are not initially identified as employed. In the case of future starters they can be identified as “unemployed” or “potential labour force” depending on other criteria established in the standards covered in the “Job search” module of the questionnaire.
      ABS_1. (Do/does) (you/NAME) have a paid job or income generating activity, but did not work last week?
      • 1. YES
      • 2. NO → AGF_1a
    • Purpose:
      • To identify the reason for absence from employment
      • Required as part of the sequence to identify persons employed in the short reference period
      • Depending on the reason along with the duration of absence and continued receipt of payment, the respondent will be identified as employed or not.
      ABS_2. Why did (you/NAME) not work last week?
        • Code 01: Includes all persons who had already found a job or arranged to start a business, but had not yet started working in the reference period.
        1. WAITING TO START NEW JOB OR BUSINESS → AGF_1a
        • Code 02: Includes all persons with seasonal jobs who indicated not having worked in the reference period because of the low or off-season. This excludes short periods (e.g. 1 or 2 weeks) of low activity that may take place during the active season which should be coded 03.
        2. LOW OR OFF-SEASON
        • Code 03: Includes situations where the respondent was not working for the entire reference period due to their working time arrangement or the nature of their work. This includes for example, persons who work on “tours” with schedules such as two weeks on and 2 weeks off; persons on time off as compensation for time previously worked and other flexible working time arrangements. It also includes persons working in agriculture or in other industries where the nature of their work may include short periods (e.g. lasting a week or two) with no activity during the productive cycle. Note, however that the off-season should be recorded as Code 02. Involuntary breaks in work due to economic reasons should be recorded as Code 09. Involuntary breaks in work due to environmental reasons should be recoded as Code 10.
        3. WORKING TIME ARRANGEMENT, FLEXI TIME, NATURE OF WORK → AGF_1b
      • 4. VACATION, HOLIDAYS → AGF_1b
      • 5. SICKNESS, ILLNESS, ACCIDENT → AGF_1b
        • Code 06: Refers to the statutory period of maternity or paternity leave established in national legislation around the time of childbirth. It excludes maternal or parental leave that may be requested at different times for child care purposes. Maternal or parental leave should be recoded under code 08 (other personal leave)
        6. MATERNITY, PATERNITY LEAVE → AGF_1b
        • Code 07: Includes all kinds of education or training, not required by the employer. Note that persons attending education or training required by the employer are to be considered as “Employed, at work” and captured in the previous module as such.
        7. EDUCATION LEAVE OR TRAINING
      • 8. OTHER PERSONAL LEAVE (CARE FOR FAMILY, CIVIC DUTIES…)
        • Code 09: Includes involuntary breaks due to work interruptions for economic reasons such as a lack of available business, a lack of materials, difficulties with premises etc. This also includes any absence where a person is temporarily laid off by their employer. The person must have an expectation of a return to work with the employer.
        9. TEMPORARY LAYOFF, NO CLIENTS OR MATERIALS, WORK BREAK
      • 10. BAD WEATHER, NATURAL DISASTER
        • Code 11: This includes only people who were personally involved in a labour dispute. Absences due to being unable to attend work due to other people engaging in a labour dispute should be coded 09 (e.g. strike of public transport affecting other industries or workers).
        11. STRIKE OR LABOUR DISPUTE
      • 12. LONG-TERM DISABILITY
      • 13. OTHER (SPECIFY): __________________
    • Purpose:
      • To identify persons on temporary absence from a paid job or business.
      • Required as part of the sequence to identify persons employed in the short reference period
      Adaptation:
      • Refers to the expected total duration of the absence. This includes both the elapsed duration to date and the expected future period of absence.
      • If the total duration is unknown the elapsed duration can be asked in case the elapsed duration is already more than 3 months. However the respondent should be pushed to say whether they think it will be more or less than 3 months in total.
      ABS_3. Including the time that (you/NAME) (have/has) been absent, will (you/he/she) return to that same job or business in 3 months or less?
      • 1. YES → AGF_1b
      • 2. NO
      • 3. DON’T KNOW
    • Purpose:
      • To identify persons on temporary absence from a paid job or business.
      • Required as part of the sequence to identify persons employed in the short reference period
      Adaptation:
      • Income includes all income in cash or in kind which is related to the job they are absent from and which they continue to receive during the absence.
      • Respondents who receive income which is not directly related to the job should be coded as NO.
      ABS_4. (Do/Does) (you/NAME) continue to receive an income from (your/his/her) job or business during this absence?
      • 1. YES → AGF_1b
      • 2. NO → AGF_1a
      • 3. DON’T KNOW → AGF_1a
    • Purpose:
      • To identify persons with seasonal jobs who continue to perform some of the tasks or duties of their job during the low or off-season
      Adaptation:
      • Asked only of persons who reported being absent from a job due to the low or off-season.
      • It aims to establish if during the period considered as low or off-season, the person continues to perform some of the tasks or duties of their job. For example, clearing a field, applying fertilizer, checking orchards for overall tree health, etc. in preparation for the active season.
      • The question may be excluded when space limitations require shortening the sequence. When removed, care should be taken to assess its potential impact in recovering persons who may indicate they are in the off-season but continue to carry out some of the tasks of their job or business.
      ABS_5. During the low or off-season, (do/does) (you/NAME) continue to do some work for that job or business?
      • 1. YES → AGF_1b
      • 2. NO → AGF_1a
  • Purpose:
    • Module AGF is part of the sequence of questions aimed at establishing the labour force status of the respondent.
    Adaptation:
    • The module has three main objectives: (a) to recover persons working in agriculture or fishing who may have not reported this work in the previous section; (b) for all those reporting own-account work in agriculture or fishing, to determine whether the production is intended mainly for sale/barter (and thus to be treated as employment), or mainly for final consumption by the respondent’s household or family (and thus to be treated as own-use production work); and (c) for those not employed who report own-use production work in agriculture or fishing, to capture the main industry, occupation and time spent in this activity.
    • The activity scope for this module is restricted to primary activities in crop farming, animal production, fishing and aquaculture, and related support activities. This scope aims to support consistent implementation of the boundary between employment and own-use production work by targeting own-account activities where the output may be intended both for sale and for final use by the producer. The activity scope may need to be adapted to fit the national context, for example, by excluding fishing where not relevant, or including forestry activities where relevant.
    • The module is essential for countries where a part of the population is engaged in mixed or subsistence agriculture or fishing. It allows the identification of the employed population, as per the international standards on statistics of work, employment and labour underutilization adopted by the 19th ICLS in 2013. It also allows identification of an important part of subsistence foodstuff producers as recommended by the international standards. For complete identification of own-use producers of goods, including foodstuff (whether as primary or as secondary activity), in addition to module AGF, the survey should also include modules OPA and OPG which cover own use production of different goods.
    Module AGF: Agricultural Work and Market Orientation (JOB)
    • Purpose:
      • Recovery question to identify persons who potentially did market-oriented work in agriculture but did not self-identify as employed in the previous modules.
      Adaptation:
      • The question is asked only to respondents who did not self-identify as employed in the previous questions.
      • Response items (a), (b), (c) should not be collapsed. Their separate listing aims to improve better reporting of work in these activities. It can also aid in coding information on the branch of economic activity and occupation during data processing.
      • Multiple responses are valid except in the case of Code (d) NONE OF THE ABOVE.
      AGF_1a. Last week, did (you/NAME) do any work in… ?
      • READ AND MARK ALL THAT APPLY
        • Code (a) refers to crop production. This includes all activities covered under groups 011, 012, 013 and 0161, 0163, 0164 (Division 01) of the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC rev. 4). Examples include growing any kind of produce such as cereals, rice vegetables, fruits, nuts, etc, and related activities such as preparing the land, harvesting.
        • National translations of the response item should avoid use of the term “agriculture”.
        • Accumulated experience suggest the term is not widely interpreted as intended. To improve recall, it may be useful to include a mix of examples of activities (planting, harvesting, etc.) and products (crops, cereals, fruits), as relevant.
        1. Farming → AGF_2
        • Code (b) refers to animal production. This includes all activities covered under group 014 (Division 01) of the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC rev. 4). Examples include raising or breeding cattle, sheep, poultry, goats, pigs, bee keeping, etc. It also includes activities to produce by-products such as eggs and dairy products.
        2. Rearing farm animals → AGF_2
      • 3. [Fishing or fish farming]AGF_2
      • DO NOT READ
      • 4. NONE OF THE ABOVE → SRH_1
    • Purpose:
      • To identify whether the respondents’ work was in farming or rearing animals, fishing, or another type of activity.
      • Part of the question sequence to distinguish between employment and own-use production work. For those who answer that the work was in farming, rearing animals or fishing, follow-up questions will be asked about the main intended use of the products.
      Adaptation:
      • The question is essential to measure employment as per the latest international standards, in countries where a part of the population is engaged in small-scale agriculture and/or fishing.
      • Ensure the respondent is replying in relation to the work already reported for previous questions.
      • Response items (a), (b), (c) should not be collapsed. Their separate listing aims to improve better reporting of work in these activities. It can also aid in coding information on the branch of economic activity and occupation during data processing.
      • Multiple responses are valid, if respondents had work in multiple different sectors (e.g. a teacher who also works in farming).
      AGF_1b. Was this work that you mentioned in…?
      • READ AND MARK ALL THAT APPLY
        • Code (a) refers to crop production. This includes all activities covered under groups 011, 012, 013 and 0161, 0163, 0164 (Division 01) of the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC rev. 4). Examples include growing any kind of produce such as cereals, rice vegetables, fruits, nuts, etc, and related activities such as preparing the land, harvesting.
        • National translations of the response item should avoid use of the term “agriculture”.
        • Accumulated experience suggest the term is not widely interpreted as intended.
        1. Farming
        • Code (b) refers to animal production. This includes all activities covered under group 014 (Division 01) of the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC rev. 4). Examples include raising or breeding cattle, sheep, poultry, goats, pigs, bee keeping, etc. It also includes activities to produce by-products such as eggs and dairy products.
        2. Rearing farm animals
      • 3. [Fishing or fish farming]
        • Code (d) includes any sector of activity other than farming, rearing animals or fishing. In other words all respondents whose work was not in those activities should be recorded in code (d).
        4. Another type of job or business → MJJ_1
    • Purpose:
      • Main criterion to distinguish between employment and own-use production work.
      • To identify whether work done in farming or rearing animals, fishing, or other type of activity should be identified as employment or own use production work. This is based on whether the main intended use of the products from the work is for sale (employment) or own/family use (own use production work).
      Adaptation:
      • Response categories 01 to 04 should be read aloud by the interviewer.
      • For this question all of the products the person was working on should be considered together. For example, if the person worked to look after both chickens and pigs then they should report whether the chicken and pigs together were mainly for family use or for sale/barter.
      • Respondents should report the general situation for the goods produced rather than just the goods produced in the reference week. It refers to products the respondent was directly working on in the reference week. It does not refer to products the respondent may have worked on in the past, or goods produced only by other household members.
      • If the respondent indicates that the products are both for sale/barter and family use, the interviewer should try to get the respondent to indicate which one is the main use in general.
      • If the respondent is absolutely unable to state the main intended destination they should be coded to category 05 and an additional question about past use of the products will be asked.
      AGF_2. Thinking about the work in (farming, rearing animals [and/or fishing]) (you/NAME) (do/does), are the products intended…… ?
      • READ AND MARK ONE
      • 1. Only for sale → MJJ_1
      • 2. Mainly for sale → MJJ_1
      • 3. Mainly for family use → AGF_2c
      • 4. Only for family use → AGF_2c
      • DO NOT READ
      • 5. CANNOT SAY
    • Purpose:
      • To identify whether work done in farming or rearing animals, fishing, or other type of activity should be identified as employment or own use production work.
      • This question is asked of those who are unsure of the main intended destination. For those respondents, the past use of the products can instead be used to establish if the activity can be considered own use production of goods or employment.
      Adaptation:
      • For this question all of the products the person was working on should be considered together. For example, if the person worked to look after both chickens and pigs then they should report whether the chicken and pigs together were mainly for family use or for sale/barter.
      • As with previous questions, it refers to the products (foodstuff, animals, fish) the respondent was directly working on in the reference week. It does not refer to products the respondent may have worked on in the past, or goods produced only by other household members.
      AGF_2b. In general, in the past have these products been …?
      • 1. Only sold → MJJ_1
      • 2. Mainly sold → MJJ_1
      • 3. Mainly kept for family use
      • 4. Only kept for family use
    • Purpose:
      • To identify if the work reported should be considered employment
      • To identify people who may have reported that the goods were mainly intended for own final use but may actually be paid to do the work (e.g. paid in kind with part of the production)
      Adaptation:
      • This refers to the work done in the last week, even if they were only hired to work during that week.
      • This refers to any situation where the work was done in return for the promise of payment, whether actually received or not.
      • Work done for payment in kind in the form of products or services (e.g. payment in food), whether provided in the past or the future, is included.
      AGF_2c. (Were/Was) (you/NAME) hired by someone else to do this work?
      • 1. YES → MJJ_1
      • 2. NO
    • Purpose:
      • This will allow an analysis of the main types of goods from agriculture and/or fishing being produced by persons engaged in this work.
      • To enable the data coder to find the appropriate ISIC Rev.4 Code or corresponding national classification.
      Adaptation:
      • If needed, give examples to assist the respondent. List examples typical of the local area or region (e.g: citrus fruits, vegetables, freshwater fish, cattle, chicken, taro, rice).
      • If the respondent reports multiple products ask them to indicate which ones were the main ones (this could be based on quantity, value, amount of time spent but mainly the respondent should be asked to identify this without further guidance if possible).
      • Record enough information about the main goods or products produced to enable coding at 4 Digits level of the classification, i.e. avoid generic terms like ‘crops’.
      AGF_3. What are the main products from (farming, rearing animals, [and/or fishing]) that (you/NAME) was/were working on?
      • For example: [citrus fruits, vegetables, freshwater fish, cattle, chicken, rice]
      • MAIN GOODS ________________
      • ISIC CODE:_____
    • Purpose:
      • To allow the calculation of hours actually worked in the reference week by collecting first the number of days worked and then the average number of hours per day
      • To produce estimates of working time in own-use production of goods
      Adaptation:
      • Respondents should report any day during the reference period when they carried out the activity even for a short period of time.
      • Any activity in this case refers to time spent directly on and in relation to agricultural or fishing activities by the respondent to produce goods intended mainly for own final consumption by the household. Exclude time spent in activities intended to produce goods mainly for sale or barter.
      • Enter “0” in the case of respondents engaged in farming or fishing for own-final use who were on temporary absence from this work in the reference week.
      AGF_4. Last week, on how many days did (you/NAME) do this work?
      • NUMBER OF DAYS ___
      • 2. DID NOT DO THIS WORK LAST WEEK → AGF_6
    • Purpose:
      • To produce estimates of working time in own-use production of goods
      • To produce estimates of the contribution of own-use production of agriculture goods to SNA labour input
      Adaptation:
      • The number to be entered is the average number per day that the respondent actually worked on. For example if the respondent reported working on 3 days and on those days they worked 1 hour, 3 hours and 5 hours then the average per day worked is 3 hours and that should be recorded here.
      • Hours actually worked refers to time spent directly on and in relation to farming and or fishing work activities by the respondent to produce goods intended mainly for own final consumption by the household or family. Exclude time spent in activities intended mainly for sale or barter.
      • Enter “0” in the case of respondents engaged in farming or fishing for own-final use who were on temporary absence from this work in the reference week.
      • Record hours in 0.5 hour intervals. If the respondent gives a response in some other way (e.g. 10 hours 20 minutes), round up or down to the nearest 0.5 hours (i.e. 10.5 hours).
      • Interviewers should be trained to help the respondent by getting them to talk about how much time they spent on each of the days they worked as reported for the previous question.
      • Exclude time spent travelling between the home and the land plot, lake, sea, etc. for example at the start and end of the work day, as well as time spent on long breaks, for example, meal breaks.
      • For data quality assurance a maximum hour’s threshold should be established, taking into account the national context. The threshold should take into consideration the extent to which fishing activities, in particular, may be performed over 24-hour shift periods.
      AGF_5. How many hours per day did (you/NAME) spend doing this last week?
      • HOURS PER DAY ___
    • Purpose:
      • To produce estimates of working time in own-use production
      Adaptation:
      • Hours usually worked per week refers to the typical value (mode) of the hours actually worked per week assessed over a longer reference period than the reference week, as self-declared by the respondent.
      • Record hours in 0.5 hour intervals. Round to the nearest 0.5 hours if necessary.
      • If the respondent reports variable hours encourage them to estimate the average over the last 4 weeks.
      • The upper hour threshold may need to be revised to fit national circumstances.
      AGF_6. How many hours per week do (you/NAME) usually spend working in (farming, rearing animals, [and/or fishing])?
      • HOURS PER WEEK ___ → SRH_1
  • Purpose:
    • Module MJJ is asked of all respondents who have been identified as employed in the reference period based on previous modules.
    Adaptation:
    • It starts by capturing if the respondent has only one job or business, or multiple jobs or businesses and for those with multiple jobs or business, it guides respondents to focus on the one in which they usually work the most hours (i.e. main job or business). After this it will capture information on occupation and self-identified status in employment of the main job or business.
    • This module is critical to provide a range of analytical information (occupation and status in employment) but also to enable appropriate routing of respondents for additional questions on the main job. Different questions are appropriate depending on whether the respondent initially self-identifies as a dependent worker (employee, apprentice, contributing family worker, assisting family member), or an independent worker (own-account or employer). The module also allows identification of wage and salaried employees, and of co-operators in family businesses.
    Module MJJ: Characteristics of Main Job (ALL)
    • Purpose:
      • To identify multiple-job holders
      • To identify respondents who will have to provide information about a second job
      Adaptation:
      • A self-employed person who works for more than one client is not considered to have more than one job or business. A separate job should involve working in a different economic activity or in a different status in employment. For example, a person who runs a business and also works as a government employee, or a self-employed person who runs a convenience shop and drives a taxi at other times.
      • For employees it refers to the number of employers they have, for example an employee of an agency has one job, regardless of how many clients they might serve through that agency.
      MJJ_1. Last week did (you/NAME) have more than one job or income generating activity?
      • 1. ONE JOB/BUSINESS → MJJ_3
      • 2. MORE THAN ONE JOB
    • INTERVIEWER TO READ: I am now going to ask you some questions about the income generating activity in which (you/NAME) usually work the most hours.
    • Purpose:
      • To capture the occupation of the respondent in their main job
      • To capture sufficient detail to enable the data coder to find the appropriate ISCO-08 (or national classification) code.
      Adaptation:
      • Occupation refers to the kind of work performed in a job.
      • The interviewer should ask the question but record two pieces of information based on the response received.
      • The first piece of information is the ‘Occupational title’ (MJJ_3).
      • The second piece of information is the ‘Main tasks and duties’ (MJJ_3a).
      • The information is needed to assign a code based on the ISCO-08 (or national occupation) classification (MJJ_3b)
      • It is vital to capture sufficiently detailed information about the title and main tasks or duties to enable coding at 4 Digits level. For example, if the respondent says he/she is a teacher, the interviewer should inquire further as to what type of teacher- primary school, vocational school, subject matter taught, language, etc and then record both the title and the tasks and duties reported.
      • The examples should be adapted to list nationally relevant occupations. Detailed descriptions should be provided in the examples, as these are meant as guidance for the interviewer, and not to be read aloud. This includes examples of occupational titles (e.g. long-distance truck driver) and of relevant main task and duties associated with that occupation (e.g. transporting goods between cities) to highlight the type of information required for detailed coding.
      MJJ_3. In (your/NAME’s) job, what kind of work (do/does) (you/he/she) do?
      • ([e.g. Cattle farmer –breed, raise and sell cattle; Policeman –patrol the streets; Cook –plan and prepare meals; Primary school teacher –teach children how to read and write])
      • OCCUPATIONAL TITLE, IF ANY ___________________
      • MAIN TASKS AND DUTIES __________________
      • ISCO CODE: ______
    • Purpose:
      • Part of the sequence of questions needed to identify the branch of economic activity (industry) of the establishment where the main job is located
      Adaptation:
      • This refers to the name of the place of work of the respondent, not the physical location where the work takes place, which may or may not be different.
      • For employees it refers to the business that employs them. For self-employed it will refer to the respondent’s business.
      • ‘BUSINESS WITHOUT A NAME’ should be used only in cases when the business/place of work has no name, for example respondents working in informal own-account business activities.
      • Respondents employed as domestic workers directly by a private household should be captured by the response option ‘PRIVATE HOUSEHOLD AS A DOMESTIC WORKER’. This only refers to respondents who have an employment relationship with the household (or multiple households), for example live-in domestic workers. It does not refer to persons who work in their own business and provide their services to private households, for example electricians.
      MJJ_4. Does the place or business where (you/NAME) work(s) have a name?
      • 1. YES
      • 2. BUSINESS WITHOUT A NAME → MJJ_6
      • 3. PRIVATE HOUSEHOLD AS A DOMESTIC WORKER → MJJ_7
    • Purpose:
      • Part of the sequence of questions needed to identify the branch of economic activity (industry) of the establishment where the main job is located
      • It may also be used to link LFS data with industry data obtained from business registers where available, for more precise coding
      Adaptation:
      • The question should be asked only to respondents who said the business or place of work had a name in response to the previous question.
      MJJ_5. What is the name?
      • NAME OF ESTABLISHMENT __________________
    • Purpose:
      • Part of the sequence of questions needed to identify the branch of economic activity (industry) of the establishment where the main job is located
      • To enable the data coder to find the appropriate ISIC Rev.4 code (or equivalent national classification).
      Adaptation:
      • To aid in coding, interviewers should be trained to record 2 pieces of information. The first piece of information is the ‘Main activity’ (MJJ_6), the second is the main ‘goods or services’ produced (MJJ_6a). This is then used to assign a code according to the ISIC or national equivalent classification (MJJ_6b).
      • It is vital to have enough information about the main goods or products produced or service rendered at the place of work to enable coding at 4 Digits level.
      • The examples should be adapted to list nationally relevant industries, products and services. Detailed descriptions should be provided in the examples, as these are meant as guidance for the interviewer, and not to be read aloud. This includes descriptive words that illustrate the main activity of an establishment (e.g. pharmacy) and of relevant main goods or services provided (e.g. sale of medicines to the general public) to highlight the type of information required for detailed coding.
      MJJ_6. What is the main activity of the place or business where (you/NAME) work(s)?
      • ([e.g.: Police Department - public safety; Restaurant - preparing and serving meals; Transport Company - long distance transport of goods])
      • MAIN ACTIVITY _________________
      • GOODS OR SERVICES _________________
      • ISIC CODE:_____
    • Purpose:
      • Part of the sequence of questions to assign a code under the International Classification of Status in Employment (ICSE).
      Adaptation:
      • Status in employment refers to the type of relationship between the respondent and the unit he/she works for.
      MJJ_7. (Do/does) (you/NAME) work…?
      • READ
        • Code 01: The respondent holds a job with a written or oral contract which gives him/her a basic pay that is not directly dependent on the revenue of the unit in which he/she works. The term “employee” aims to capture casual, temporary as well as permanent employees in formal or informal employment situations. At national level, additional keywords or common terms may be needed to ensure wide coverage of employees in different employment situations (e.g. day labourer).
        1. As an [employee]MJJ_10
        • Code 02: The respondent works on his/her own account or with partners. He/she holds a “self-employment” type of job and may or may not have engaged employees to work for him/her. The phrase “business activity” should be adapted to the national context to ensure that independent workers self-identify as such regardless of the type or size of their independent activity.
        2. In (your/his/her) own business activity → MJJ_9
        • Code 03: The respondent participated in any activity to support the operation of a business activity of a household member or a family member living elsewhere.
        3. Helping in a family or household business
        • Code 04: The respondent holds a job on a temporary basis to acquire workplace experience or skills.
        4. As an apprentice, intern → MJJ_10
        • Code 05: The respondent helped with any of the tasks or duties of an employee job held by a household member or a family member living elsewhere. For example, a son who helps his mother with grading exams as part of her job as a teacher.
        5. Helping a family member who works for someone else → MJJ_10
    • Note for adaptation: The following set of questions is for self-identified contributing family workers
    • Purpose:
      • To assess participation in decision making within the family business.
      • Part of the sequence of questions to distinguish between contributing family workers and co-operators in family businesses.
      • Part of the sequence of questions for detailed coding under the International Classification of Status in Employment (ICSE).
      Adaptation:
      • Only asked of respondents who work in a household or family business.
      • This refers to usual decision making about the running of the business such as the types of goods and services offered, hiring of employees, etc.
      MJJ_8. Who usually makes the decisions about the running of the family business?
      • READ
      • 1. (You/NAME)
      • 2. (You/NAME) together with others
      • 3. Other family member(s) only → MJJ_10b
      • 4. Other (non-related) person(s) only → MJJ_10b
    • Note for adaptation: The following set of questions is for those identified as self-employed
    • Purpose:
      • To confirm whether a self-employed respondent has employees.
      • Part of the sequence of questions to distinguish between employers and own-account workers, as needed to assign a code under the International Classification of Status in Employment (ICSE).
      Adaptation:
      • The question is only asked to respondents who are identified as operating their own business
      • It refers to the situation in the reference week and the business considered as the main job of the respondent (i.e. employees hired for some other purpose should not be included)
      • The notion of hiring employees “on a regular basis” is intended to support restricting the definition of employers to refer to those who hire paid workers with some frequency, and not only as an exceptional situation. For data collection purposes, it should be interpreted as having at least one employee during the reference period, even if on temporary absence AND also having engaged at least one employee (whether the same or a different person) in the preceding four weeks or month
      • It includes employees hired on a permanent, fixed term, casual, temporary or part-time basis, as well as paid apprentices, interns or trainees. It excludes contributing family workers, business co-operators and volunteers, apprentices, interns or helpers who are not paid
      MJJ_9. Does the business hire any paid employees on a regular basis?
      • 1. YES → MJJ_11
      • 2. NO
    • Purpose:
      • To establish if the respondent has the authority to set the prices charged for the good or services they product
      • Part of the questions to identify workers who may be classified as dependent contractors among those who self-identify as operating their own business
      • Part of the new sequence of questions for detailed coding under the International Classification of Status in Employment (ICSE).
      Adaptation:
      • The question is intended only for respondents who self-identify as operating their own business
      • If the respondent has multiple products or services a YES should be recorded as long as they can set the price for any of those goods or services
      • If they can set the price only with the agreement of a partner or co-operator in the business this should still be recorded as YES
      • If the respondent indicates that they cannot set the price and explains the reason for this, refer to the notes for the following question. Cases which would fall under code 01 in the next question should be recorded as NO here and 01 in the next question. All other cases can be coded YES
      MJJ_9a. Can (you/NAME) set the price of the products or services that (you/NAME) offer(s) (yourself/himself/herself)?
      • 1. YES → MJJ_11
      • 2. NO
    • Purpose:
      • To identify the reason the respondent is unable to set the price charged for the goods or services they produce
      • To confirm if the respondent should be considered an independent worker or a dependent contractor under the ICSE classification.
      Adaptation:
      • The question is intended only for respondents who say that they could not set prices for the products themselves
      MJJ_9b. Why can (you/NAME) not set the price? Is it because ….?
      • READ
        • Code 01 covers cases where the respondent cannot set the price because another business or commercial entity sets the price. It include cases where the respondent may get directly paid for the goods or services but they have no authority to alter the price. The respondents captured under this code are those who may be identified as dependent contractors under the ICSE classification.
        1. Another enterprise or agent sets the price → MJJ_11
        • Code 02 covers cases where the respondent cannot set the price because a customer or client sets the price. This includes final customers as well as clients who may act as intermediaries. Respondents captured under this code are part of the group who may be identified as dependent contractors under the ICSE classification.
        2. Prices are set by the customer(s) → MJJ_11
        • Code 03 refers to situations where prices are regulated by a Government agency. Regulation of this type is often for specific sectors/activities (for example school books, staple food items, fuel, taxis etc).
        3. Government defines the price by law/regulation → MJJ_11
        • Code 04 covers all situations where the price is agreed between the respondent and the customer/client. Negotiation does not need to take place with every transaction, it may be that a price is negotiated and agreed for a period of time or set of tasks.
        4. Prices are negotiated with the customer → MJJ_11
        • Code 05 refers to situations where prices for products are not regulated, but are maintained at a given price to as a way to limit competition among providers. Respondents captured under this code would not be considered as dependent contractors on this basis.
        5. It’s the going rate on the market → MJJ_11
      • 6. OTHER (SPECIFY): __________________ → MJJ_11
    • Note for adaptation: The following set of questions is for those identified as employees, apprentices or assisting family members. Questions from MJJ_10b are also addressed to contributing family workers
    • Purpose:
      • To enable classification of employed persons by institutional sector of employment.
      • To develop estimates for use in the National Accounts
      Adaptation:
      • The question is intended only for respondents with a dependent employment relationship in their main job (employee, apprentice/intern, helping a family member who works for someone else).
      • It should not be asked of persons who work in their own business or in a business run by a family member. The institutional sector for all self-employed persons is the private sector. Thus, the corresponding code should be assigned during data processing.
      • The institutional sector of employment refers to the type of institution that person works in, rather than their usual place of work. For example, a government doctor who works on call in different households works in government (code 01) even though the usual place of work may be the clients’ households. In cases where a respondent is hired through an employment agency to work for another organisation/household then the sector where the work is performed should be recorded. For example a domestic worker hired through and paid by an agency should still be recorded as code 04 (private household), while a nurse hired to work in a government hospital through an agency (and paid by that agency) would be code 01 (government).
      MJJ_10. In this job (are/is) (you/he/she) working in….?
      • READ
        • Code 01: Includes all the government institutions or state-owned enterprises (i.e. ownership of 50% or more by the state)
        1. The government or a state owned enterprise
        • Code 02: Includes private farms producing mainly for the market
        2. A farm
        • Code 03: Includes all other (ie. non-farm) personal or private businesses, whether formal or informal, that are not publicly owned (or owned at less than 50% by the state)
        3. A private business (non-farm)
        • Code 04: Includes private households as employers of domestic workers only
        4. A household(s) as a domestic worker
        • Code 05: Includes all non-profit institutions, such as NGO, charities, religious institutions, that provide their services or product to households or the community at large. It excludes NGOs controlled by the government
        5. An NGO, non-profit institution, church
        • Code 06: Includes public institutions but owned by foreign or international institutions such as foreign embassies etc.
        6. An international organization or a foreign embassy
    • Purpose:
      • Analysis of the types of payments received by respondents
      • Part of a sequence of questions used to confirm the status in employment of respondents
      • To confirm if respondents who self-identified as employees do receive a wage or salary or not. Those not in receipt of a wage or salary may be re-classified as dependent contractors depending on their answers to additional questions.
      Adaptation:
      • This question is only asked of people who said their status in employment was an employee, apprentice/intern or helping a family member who works for someone else.
      • This only refers to payment received by the respondent directly themselves.
      • Multiple answers can be recorded if the respondent received multiple different types of payment.
      MJJ_10a. Which of the following types of pay (do/does) (you/NAME) receive for this work?
      • READ AND MARK ALL THAT APPLY
        • Code (a) (wage or salary) refers to payments in return for time worked. It can be an amount per hour, day, week, month or other time period. Wages or salaries are not directly dependent on the profits of business/organisation in which the respondent works, or sales etc.
        1. A wage or salary
      • 2. Payment by piece of work completed
      • 3. Commissions
      • 4. Tips
      • 5. Fees for services provided
        • Codes (f) and (g) refer to different types of payment in kind, i.e. where non-monetary payments are received
        6. Payment with meals or accommodation
        • Codes (f) and (g) refer to different types of payment in kind, i.e. where non-monetary payments are received
        7. Payment in products
        • Code (h) includes any other type of cash payment which is not covered by categories (a) to €
        8. OTHER CASH PAYMENT (Specify): ___________________
      • DO NOT READ
        • Code (i) should only be used for respondents who report that they do not directly receive any form of pay (for example helpers in family businesses who indicate not receiving any pay)
        9. NOT PAID → MJJ_11
    • Purpose:
      • To provide supplementary information on the working relationship between the respondent and their employer as proposed by ICSE-18
      • To identify cases where a respondent is paid by someone other than who they perform the work for (i.e. employees in triangular relationships)
      MJJ_10b. Who pays (you/NAME) for that work?
        • Code 01 refers to persons paid directly by the business, organization or household for whom the work is performed. Respondents with multiple clients who are paid directly by those clients separately should also be coded 01
        1. PLACE/UNIT WHERE THEY WORK
        • Code 02 includes cases where the person receives their pay from an agency, agent or unit other than the one for whom the work is performed. This will generally include workers employed by private employment agencies such as labour hire agencies, temporary employment agencies or other labour providers (labour brokers, labour dispatchers) that employ and supply the workers to other enterprises. It also includes employees providing outsourced services that their employer has contracted to provide to another enterprise or household, such as security agencies, cleaning agencies, nursing agencies etc. Also included are workers in employment promotion schemes, who are hired and paid by a government agency to perform work for another economic unit as part of a government-funded employment promotion programme
        2. ANOTHER AGENCY/AGENT THAT ORGANIZES THE WORK
      • 3. OTHER (SPECIFY): __________________
    • Purpose:
      • To assess the relationship between the respondent and their employer
      Adaptation:
      • This relates to the nature of the agreement the respondent has with their employer covering the work they do and their working conditions
      • The question is only asked of respondents in a paid dependent employment relationship (employee, apprentice/intern or helping a family member who works for someone else)
      MJJ_10c. (Do/does)(you/NAME) have a written contract or oral agreement for the work (you/he/she) (do/does)?
        • Code 01 covers any kind of written agreement between the respondent and their employer which indicates their duties/role and working conditions.
        1. YES, WRITTEN CONTRACT
        • Code 02 covers situations where there is no written agreement but the conditions have been orally agreed between the respondent and the employer
        2. YES, ORAL AGREEMENT
      • 3. DON’T KNOW → MJJ_10k
    • Purpose:
      • To identify employed persons with contractual hours
      • Support analysis of contract characteristics and working time arrangements
      Adaptation:
      • Only asked of those who were identified as having a written contract or oral agreement with their employer
      MJJ_10d. Does your contract or agreement specify the number of hours (you/he/she) (are/is) supposed to work?
      • 1. YES → MJJ_10f
      • 2. NO
    • Purpose:
      • To assess the relationship between the respondent and their employer
      • To identify respondents with zero-hours contracts
      Adaptation:
      • This relates to the nature of the agreement the respondent has with their employer covering the work they do and their working conditions
      • The question is only asked of respondents with a written or oral agreement but not agreed contractual hours of work
      MJJ_10e. (Are/Is) (you/NAME) at least guaranteed that (you/he/she) will get some work or hours in your job?
        • Code 01 covers respondents with a guaranteed minimum amount of work or hours over the duration of the agreement
        1. YES, MINIMUM HOURS OR WORK GUARANTEED → MJJ_10g
        • Code 02 covers situations where there is no guaranteed minimum amount of work or hours between the respondent and their employer
        2. NO, 0-HOUR CONTRACT, CONTACTED WHEN NEEDED → MJJ_10g
    • Purpose:
      • To produce estimates of working time based on contractual hours in main job
      Adaptation:
      • Only asked of those who reported having a set number of working hours specified in their contract
      MJJ_10f. What are (your/NAME’s) agreed or contractual working hours per week in this job?
      • HOURS PER WEEK _____ (997 FOR DON’T KNOW)
    • Purpose:
      • To identify the type of contact or agreement held between the respondent and their employer
      • To enableclassification of employees by degree of permanency of the contract or agreement
      Adaptation:
      • The question is only asked of respondents in a paid dependent employment relationship (employee, apprentice/intern or helping a family member who works for someone else) who indicate having a written or oral agreement with their employer.
      MJJ_10g. Is (your/NAME’s) contract or agreement….?
      • READ
        • Code 01 include all cases where the respondent’s agreement has a specified end date whether in writing or not even if the respondent expects to continue working in the job after that date
        1. For a specified period of time
        • Code 02 covers cases where the respondent indicated that the contract is for the completion of a task, delivery of a service or product, even if it also includes a time limit
        2. Until the date a task is completed
        • Code 03 covers cases where the contract includes an end-date established based on the expected age of retirement
        3. Permanent or until retirement → MJJ_10l
        • Code 04 includes all cases where there is an expectation of continued employment, whether formal or informal, with no explicit end date specified
        4. Ongoing with no specified end date → MJJ_10l
    • Purpose:
      • Identify the length of agreement to allow analysis of working conditions
      • For an assessment of different categories of workers, based on their working arrangements
      Adaptation:
      • Only ask of respondents who indicated that they had a limited duration agreement or an agreement that specifies the completion of tasks, in response to the previous question
      • The duration referred to should be the total duration of the current contract or agreement, not elapsed duration or remaining time
      • Respondents with an agreement for the completion of tasks who nevertheless have a specified time limit should be coded in the corresponding duration bracket
      MJJ_10h. How long in total is (your/NAME’s) current agreement?
        • Code 01 includes respondents who work on the basis of daily agreements with their employer and have no guarantee of work with that employer beyond each day they are recruited
        1. DAILY CONTRACT/AGREEMENT
      • 2. LESS THAN ONE MONTH
      • 3. 1 TO LESS THAN 3 MONTHS
      • 4. 3 TO LESS THAN 6 MONTHS
      • 5. 6 TO LESS THAN 12 MONTHS
      • 6. 12 TO LESS THAN 24 MONTHS
      • 7. TWO YEARS OR MORE
      • 8. NO SPECIFIED DURATION → MJJ_10k
    • Purpose:
      • For a classification of employed persons with a fixed term contract by type of contract
      Adaptation:
      • Only ask of respondents who indicated that they had an agreement of limited duration or for the completion of tasks.
      • Mark all options that apply as reported the respondent.
      • The question may be supplemented with an additional follow-up question on whether the temporary employment is voluntary or not.
      MJJ_10i. Which of the following applies to (your/NAME’s) current agreement?
      • READ AND MARK ALL THAT APPLY
        • Item (a) should be used only for persons employed in jobs whose timing and duration are significantly influenced by seasonal factors such as climatic seasons, holidays and agricultural preparations or harvests. Seasonal jobs are typically performed during part of the year and followed by a period of inactivity.
        1. It covers a particular season → MJJ_10l
      • 2. It covers a period of training (apprentice, trainee, research assistant, etc)
      • 3. It is part of an employment creation program → MJJ_10l
      • 4. It is for substitute work → MJJ_10l
      • DO NOT READ
      • 5. NONE OF THE ABOVE
    • Purpose:
      • For analysis of contract characteristics and job stability
      • Part of the identification of permanent employees
      Adaptation:
      • The question is asked only of respondents with written contracts for a specified period of time that indicate their contract is not seasonal, part of an employment creation programme or for substitute work
      • As self-declared by the respondent. It includes cases where the respondent is on an explicit probation period required in order to be granted a permanent contract by the employer.
      MJJ_10j. (Are/Is) (you/NAME) on a probation period to get a permanent contract?
      • 1. YES → MJJ_10l
      • 2. NO → MJJ_10l
    • Purpose:
      • To identify employed persons with no contract or with a contract for the completion of a task who are engaged in seasonal work
      • To be used together with the question on reasons for having a fixed term contract to fully identify all persons employed whose main job is seasonal
      Adaptation:
      • Seasonal work refers to jobs whose timing and duration are significantly influenced by seasonal factors such as climatic seasons, holidays and agricultural preparations or harvests. Seasonal jobs are typically performed during part of the year and followed by a period of inactivity
      • Only persons with jobs subject to seasonal conditions with periods of inactivity longer than a month should be coded 01
      • Jobs which are subject to short periods of inactivity of one or two weeks, but do not follow a seasonal pattern should be coded 02
      MJJ_10k. Is (your/NAME’s) work seasonal?
      • 1. YES
      • 2. NO
    • Purpose:
      • As part of the set of questions to identify dependent contractors among those who self-identified as working in a dependent employment relationship.
      • Those who are responsible for payment of their own taxes may be classified as dependent contractors within the ICSE classification.
      Adaptation:
      • This refers to the responsibility to pay taxes even if no taxes are actually paid, for example because the income earned is below a threshold required for payment of income related tax.
      • The underlying intention of the question is to help identify respondents who may have a commercial agreement for their services even though they might self-identify as working for someone else (i.e. as employees, apprentices, etc.).
      • Care should be taken to ensure informal workers answers refer to on who falls the responsibility for paying income tax, and not on whether income tax is actually paid or not.
      MJJ_10l. Is (your/NAME’s) employer responsible for deducting any taxes on (your/his/her) income or is that (your/NAME’s) responsibility?
      • 1. EMPLOYER IS RESPONSIBLE
      • 2. (YOU ARE/NAME IS) RESPONSIBLE
      • 3. NOT APPLICABLE
      • 4. DON’T KNOW
    • Purpose:
      • Part of the sequence of questions to identify employees with informal jobs
      • To enable analysis of informality in employment and job-related benefits
      Adaptation:
      • The question should be adapted to include references to national social contributions systems that are job-dependent such as unemployment insurance, public health insurance funds, national pension schemes etc. Names for pension or insurance programmes commonly known by the population should be included to improve understanding of the question.
      • Non-job dependent social contribution schemes, such as means-tested and universal schemes, should not be listed in this question.
      • In translating the question to the national language(s) care should be taken to ensure that respondents understand that the question refers to the payment of social contributions by their employer, and not by themselves.
      MJJ_10m. Does (your/NAME’s) employer pay contributions to the [Pension Fund/ Health/ Unemployment Insurance] for (you/NAME)?
      • 1. YES
      • 2. NO
      • 3. DON’T KNOW
    • Purpose:
      • Part of the sequence of questions to identify employees with informal jobs
      • To enable analysis of informality in employment
      Adaptation:
      • This refers to the respondent’s ability to take paid annual leave through their job. If the entitlement exists but the person is unable to take the leave in practice this should be coded as ‘NO’. Only respondents who are both entitled and able in practice to take the leave should be coded as ‘YES’.
      MJJ_10n. (Do/Does) (you/NAME) get paid annual leave?
      • 1. YES
      • 2. NO
      • 3. DON’T KNOW
    • Purpose:
      • Part of the sequence of questions to identify employees with informal jobs
      • To enable analysis of informality in employment
      Adaptation:
      • This refers to the respondent’s ability to take paid sick leave through their job. If the entitlement exists but the person is unable to take the leave in practice this should be coded as ‘NO’. Only respondents who are both entitled and able in practice to take the leave should be coded as ‘YES’.
      • The amount of sick leave is not specified. Even if only a low amount is available this should still be recorded as “YES”
      • If the payment is received through a social insurance scheme and not directly from the employer this should still be coded as ‘YES’, so long as the paid sick leave is dependent on the worker’s job. That is, schemes that are not related to having a particular job should be excluded.
      MJJ_10o. Would (you/NAME) get paid sick leave in case of illness or injury?
      • 1. YES
      • 2. NO
      • 3. DON’T KNOW
    • Note for adaptation: The following set of questions is for all respondents in employment
    • Purpose:
      • To enable analysis of working relationships and conditions
      • To enable identification of home-based workers, and as additional supporting information to identify domestic workers, workers in triangular relationships
      Adaptation:
      • This refers to the type of location where the person typically carries out the work. If a worker works in different locations of the same type, that type of location should be recorded as the answer, for example an electrician who typically works in his clients’ homes should be coded 02 as the work typically takes place in clients’ homes.
      • Countries may choose to further break down the response categories for their own analytical purposes. Care should be taken to ensure that the response options remains mutually exclusive and exhaustive, retaining essential break-downs to enable identification of home-based workers, domestic workers, and workers in triangular relationships, as relevant in the national context.
      MJJ_11. In what kind of place (do/does) (you/NAME) typically work?
        • Code 01 includes cases where the respondent works in a space within the household premises. This includes rooms within the residential premises, outbuildings such as sheds and garages intended for residential purposes, as well as yards and gardens immediately adjacent to the residence. Fixed premises adjacent (in front, on the side, in the back) to the household dwelling served by a separate entrance and not normally used for residential purposes should be coded 04.
        1. AT (YOUR/NAME’S) OWN HOME
        • Code 02 includes respondents who typically work at the client’s or employer’s home, for example, domestic workers (including when residing at the employer’s premises), plumbers who work at their client’s houses, etc.
        2. AT THE CLIENT’S OR EMPLOYER’S HOME
        • Code 03 refers to farmland, orchards, gardens or any other type of land plots used for the purposes of crop, livestock, forestry, fishery, or aquaculture production, regardless of size.
        3. AT A FARM, AGRICULTURAL LAND OR FISHING SITE
        • Code 04 refers to cases where the respondent typically works at a fixed premise or site. This can be a shop, workshop, office building, factory, mine, construction site, permanent market place, warehouse, or any other kind of fixed premise or site. Workers who move around for their work but have a fixed-base location to which they report daily are included in this category.
        4. AT A BUSINESS, OFFICE, FACTORY, FIXED PREMISE OR SITE
        • Code 05 includes cases where the respondent typically works on the street or another public space that enables interaction with potential clients (e.g. plaza, parking area, public park, etc.) without a permanent structure. It includes, for example, street vendors, push-cart operators, operators of street stalls that are removed at the end of each day.
        5. ON THE STREET OR ANOTHER PUBLIC SPACE WITHOUT A FIXED STRUCTURE
        • Code 06 will include all cases where the work typically involves use of a motorized or non-motorized vehicle, including water, air or land-based vehicles. Workers who depart each day from a central location to which they return upon completion of their workday (for example a public transport employee) should be coded as working from a fixed premise, Code 04.
        6. IN/ON A VEHICLE (WITHOUT DAILY WORK BASE)
        • Code 07 refers to persons who work on an itinerant basis seeking potential clients at their residential premises (i.e. without prior agreement), for example door to door.
        7. DOOR-TO-DOOR
      • 8. OTHER
      • 9. CANNOT SAY
    • Purpose:
      • To identify the size of the establishment.
      Adaptation:
      • The question refers to the establishment where the person works. For large organizations, respondents should be prompted to provide the size of the Division or Department in which they work.
      • It refers to the current situation but also including any workers who may be temporarily absent in the reference week. When size is variable, consider the typical or average number of workers in the last 4 weeks or 30 days.
      • Includes all workers regardless of their status in employment (employees, paid apprentices, contributing family workers, business co-operators, etc), whether full-time, part-time, with a temporary contract or agreement, etc.
      MJJ_11a. How many persons including (you/NAME) work at (your/NAME) place of work?
      • 1. 1
      • 2. 2-4
      • 3. 5-9
      • 4. 10-19
      • 5. 20-49
      • 6. 50+
    • Purpose:
      • Part of the sequence of questions to identify persons employed in the informal sector
      • Part of the new sequence of questions for detailed coding under the International Classification of Status in Employment (ICSE).
      Adaptation:
      • Incorporation refers to the process of establishing a business/establishment with a separate legal identity from its owner(s), which limits the liability of the owners in case of losses by the business.
      • The question requires national adaptation to list the types of arrangements which identify incorporated enterprises in the country such as limited companies, limited partnerships, etc.
      MJJ_11b. Is the business (you/NAME) work(s) for incorporated?. For example as a [limited company or partnership]?
      • 1. YES → MJJ_12
      • 2. NO
      • 3. DON’T KNOW
    • Purpose:
      • Part of the sequence of questions to identify persons employed in the informal sector
      Adaptation:
      • The question should be adapted to list the names of national business register or relevant national business registration systems. If multiple officially recognised registers exist, for example covering different industries, or covering different rights and responsibilities they should all be listed. This includes for example, registration under factories or commercial acts, tax or social security laws, professional groups’ regulatory acts, or similar acts, laws or regulations established by national legislative bodies.
      • Local registration systems that are not national in coverage, or are not linked to a set of legal rights and obligations should not be considered.
      • Interviewers should be trained on the scope of the register(s) listed, and on those that should not be considered.
      MJJ_11c. Is the business (you/NAME) work(s) for registered in the [National Business Register]?
      • 1. YES → MJJ_12
      • 2. NO
      • 3. DON’T KNOW
    • Purpose:
      • Part of the sequence of questions to identify persons employed in the informal sector
      MJJ_11d. What kind of accounts or records does the business keep? Are they…
      • READ
        • Code 01 refers to written accounts kept for tax purposes as per the national context. This may include business balance sheets, profit and loss statements, registers of assets, etc. It also includes simplified accounts required by tax or other public authorities for small business operators. Code 01 should be used when complete accounts are kept, even if these are not submitted to tax or other public authorities
        1. A complete set of written accounts for tax purposes
        • Code 02 refers to cases where written records of accounts are kept by the business for internal purposes and not for submission to the tax or other public authorities.
        2. Simplified written accounts not for tax purposes
        • Code 03 covers cases where some records may be kept, for example receipts of purchases, lists of expenses or payments, but no balance sheets are maintained.
        3. Informal records of orders, sales, purchases
        • Code 04 captures cases where no records are kept.
        4. No records are kept
      • DO NOT READ
      • 5. DON’T KNOW
    • Purpose:
      • To enable analysis by duration of job/business
      Adaptation:
      • It provides a measure of the stability and continuity of employment, including in cases where a worker has had a series of contracts with the same economic unit.
      • It refers to the year in which the respondent started working for the current employer or in the current business.
      • For dependent workers (ie. employees, apprentices) this refers to the year when the person started working for their employer, even if since then, the person has been promoted or changed job description, responsibilities or tasks, within the economic unit. For self-employed people with a registered business it will refer to work in the specific registered business. For informal businesses it refers to the year the person started working in the activity.
      • When a worker has had a series of renewed temporary engagements with the same economic unit, the duration of employment in that economic unit should be based on the total duration since the first engagement, unless the gap between engagements was one month or longer.
      • When a worker has been transferred between different establishments or locations within an enterprise, or enterprise group, or between different ministries or departments within the same government, duration in the current economic unit should be based on the highest level institutional unit considered as a single economic unit. For workers employed through agencies, for example in multi-party employment arrangements, the duration of employment should be with the agency not the client of the agency.
      MJJ_12. Which year did (you/NAME) begin working in this business or place?
      • YEAR ____
      • 2. 9997 FOR DON’T KNOW → SJJ
    • Purpose:
      • To enable analysis by duration of job/business
      Adaptation:
      • See notes for year commenced
      MJJ_13. And which month?
      • 1. JANUARY
      • 2. FEBRUARY
      • 3. MARCH
      • 4. APRIL
      • 5. MAY
      • 6. JUNE
      • 7. JULY
      • 8. AUGUST
      • 9. SEPTEMBER
      • 10. OCTOBER
      • 11. NOVEMBER
      • 12. DECEMBER
      • 13. DONT’KNOW
  • Purpose:
    • Module SJJ “Characteristics of second job” is asked of all respondents who previously stated that they had more than one job or business. It captures essential characteristics of the second job/business of the respondent.
    Adaptation:
    • This module is important for countries wishing to undertake analysis of the characteristics of all jobs, which is not possible if only characteristics of the main job are collected. It is also useful to enable analysis of total volume of work (or full-time equivalent employment) in combination with questions on hours worked in second and other jobs. This can also enable more detailed analysis of the circumstances and types of jobs of those who hold multiple jobs.
    Module SJJ: Characteristics of Second Job (ALL)
    • ONLY IF RESPONDENT HAD MORE THAN ONE JOB OR BUSINESS (MJJ_1 = 02). OTHERWISE SKIP TO WKT_1
    • READ: I am now going to ask you some questions about (your/NAME’s) second job or business activity.
    • Purpose:
      • To capture the occupation of the respondent in their second job
      • To capture sufficient detail to enable the data coder to find the appropriate ISCO-08 (or national classification) code.
      Adaptation:
      • Occupation refers to the kind of work performed in a job.
      • The interviewer should ask the question but record two pieces of information based on the response received.
      • The first piece of information is the ‘Occupational title’ (SJJ_1).
      • The second piece of information is the ‘Main tasks and duties’ (SJJ_1a).
      • The information is needed to assign a code based on the ISCO-08 (or national occupation) classification (SJJ_1b)
      • It is vital to capture sufficiently detailed information about the title and main tasks or duties to enable coding at 4 Digits level. For example, if the respondent says he/she is a teacher, the interviewer should inquire further as to what type of teacher- primary school, vocational school, subject matter taught, language, etc and then record both the title and the tasks and duties reported.
      • The examples should be adapted to list nationally relevant occupations. Detailed descriptions should be provided in the examples, as these are meant as guidance for the interviewer, and not to be read aloud. This includes examples of occupational titles (e.g. long-distance truck driver) and of relevant main task and duties associated with that occupation (e.g. transporting goods between cities) to highlight the type of information required for detailed coding.
      SJJ_1. In this second job, what kind of work (do/does) (you/NAME) do?
      • ([e.g. Cattle farmer –breed, raise and sell cattle; Policeman –patrol the streets; Cook –plan and prepare meals; Primary school teacher –teach children how to read and write])
      • OCCUPATIONAL TITLE, IF ANY ___________________
      • MAIN TASKS AND DUTIES __________________
      • ISCO CODE: ______
    • Purpose:
      • Needed to identify the branch of economic activity (industry) of the establishment where the second job is located
      • To enable the data coder to find the appropriate ISIC Rev.4 code (or equivalent national classification).
      Adaptation:
      • To aid in coding, interviewers should be trained to record 2 pieces of information. The first piece of information is the ‘Main activity’ (SJJ_2), the second is the main ‘goods or services’ produced (SJJ_2a). This is then used to assign a code according to the ISIC or national equivalent classification (SJJ_2b).
      • It is vital to have enough information about the main goods or products produced or service rendered at the place of work to enable coding at 4 Digits level.
      • The examples should be adapted to list nationally relevant industries, products and services. Detailed descriptions should be provided in the examples, as these are meant as guidance for the interviewer, and not to be read aloud. This includes descriptive words that illustrate the main activity of an establishment (e.g. pharmacy) and of relevant main goods or services provided (e.g. sale of medicines to the general public) to highlight the type of information required for detailed coding.
      SJJ_2. What is the main activity of the business or place where (you/NAME) work(s)?
      • ([e.g.: Police Department - public safety; Restaurant - preparing and serving meals; Transport Company - long distance transport of goods])
      • MAIN ACTIVITY _________________
      • GOODS OR SERVICES _________________
      • ISIC CODE:_____
    • Purpose:
      • Part of the sequence of questions to assign a code under the International Classification of Status in Employment (ICSE).
      Adaptation:
      • Status in employment refers to the type of relationship between the respondent and the unit they work for.
      SJJ_3. In this second job, (do/does) (you/NAME) work…?
      • READ
        • Code 01: The respondent holds a job with a written or oral contract which gives him/her a basic pay that is not directly dependent on the revenue of the unit in which he/she works. The term “employee” aims to capture casual, temporary as well as permanent employees in formal or informal employment situations. At national level, additional keywords or common terms may be needed to ensure wide coverage of employees in different employment situations (e.g. day labourer).
        1. As an [employee]SJJ_5
        • Code 02: The respondent works on his/her own account or with partners. He/she holds a “self-employment” type of job and may or may not have engaged employees to work for him/her. The phrase “business activity” should be adapted to the national context to ensure that independent workers self-identify as such regardless of the type or size of their independent activity.
        2. In (your/his/her) own business activity
        • Code 03: The respondent participated in any activity to support the operation of a business activity of a household member or a family member living elsewhere.
        3. Helping in a family or household business → SJJ_5
        • Code 04: The respondent holds a job on a temporary basis to acquire workplace experience or skills.
        4. As an apprentice, intern → SJJ_5
        • Code 05: The respondent did any work in any of the tasks or duties of an employee job held by a family member living in the same or in another household.
        5. Helping a family member who works for someone else → SJJ_5
    • Purpose:
      • To confirm whether a self-employed respondent has employees.
      • Part of the sequence of questions to distinguish between employers and own-account workers, as needed to assign a code under the International Classification of Status in Employment (ICSE).
      Adaptation:
      • The question is only asked to respondents who, in their second job, are identified as operating their own business
      • It refers to the business considered as the second job of the respondent (i.e. employees hired for some other purpose should not be included).
      • The notion of hiring employees “on a regular basis” is intended to support restricting the definition of employers to refer to those who hire paid workers with some frequency, and not only as an exceptional situation. For data collection purposes, it should be interpreted as having at least one employee during the reference period, even if on temporary absence AND also having engaged at least one employee (whether the same or a different worker) in the preceding four weeks or month.
      SJJ_4. Does the business hire any paid employees on a regular basis?
      • 7. YES → WKT_1
      • 8. NO
    • Purpose:
      • To establish if the respondent has the authority to set the prices charged for the good or services they product
      • Part of the questions to identify workers who may be classified as dependent contractors among those who self-identify as operating their own business.
      • Part of the new sequence of questions for detailed coding under the International Classification of Status in Employment (ICSE).
      Adaptation:
      • The question is intended only for respondents who self-identify as operating their own business
      • If the respondent has multiple products or services a YES should be recorded as long as they can set the price for any of those goods or services
      • If they can set the price only with the agreement of a partner or co-operator in the business this should still be recorded as YES
      • If the respondent indicates that they cannot set the price and explains the reason for this, refer to the notes for the following question. Cases which would fall under code 01 in the next question should be recorded as NO here and 01 in the next question. All other cases can be coded YES.
      • Additional operational approaches may be used to identify dependent contractors. Thus, this question may change or be supplemented over time based on accumulated experience.
      SJJ_4a. Can (you/NAME) set the price of the products or services that (you/NAME) offer(s) (yourself/himself/herself)?
      • 1. YES → WKT_1
      • 2. NO
    • Purpose:
      • To identify the reason the respondent is unable to set the price charged for the goods or services they produce
      • To confirm if the respondent should be considered an independent worker or a dependent contractor under the ICSE classification.
      Adaptation:
      • The question is intended only for respondents who say that they could not set prices for the products themselves
      SJJ_4b. Why can (you/NAME) not set the price? Is it because ….?
      • READ
        • Code 01 covers cases where the respondent cannot set the price because another business or commercial entity sets the price. It include cases where the respondent may get directly paid for the goods or services but they have no authority to alter the price. The respondents captured under this code are those who may be identified as dependent contractors under the ICSE classification.
        1. Another enterprise or agent sets the price → WKT_1
        • Code 02 covers cases where the respondent cannot set the price because a customer or client sets the price. This includes final customers as well as clients who may act as intermediaries. Respondents captured under this code are part of the group who may be identified as dependent contractors under the ICSE classification.
        2. Prices are set by the customer(s) → WKT_1
        • Code 03 refers to situations where prices are regulated by a Government agency. Regulation of this type is often for specific sectors/activities (for example school books, staple food items, fuel, taxis etc).
        3. Government defines the price by law/regulation → WKT_1
        • Code 04 covers all situations where the price is agreed between the respondent and the customer/client. Negotiation does not need to take place with every transaction, it may be that a price is negotiated and agreed for a period of time or set of tasks.
        4. Prices are negotiated with the customer → WKT_1
        • Code 05 refers to situations where prices for products are not regulated, but are maintained at a given price to as a way to limit competition among providers. Respondents captured under this code would not be considered as dependent contractors on this basis.
        5. It’s the going rate on the market → WKT_1
      • 6. OTHER (SPECIFY): __________________ → WKT_1
    • Purpose:
      • Part of a sequence of questions used to confirm the status in employment of respondents
      • To confirm if respondents who self-identified as employees do receive a wage or salary or not. Those not in receipt of a wage or salary may be re-classified as dependent contractors depending on their answers to additional questions.
      • Analysis of the types of payments received by respondents
      Adaptation:
      • This question is only asked of people who said their status in employment was an employee, apprentice/intern or helping a family member who works for someone else.
      • This only refers to payment received by the respondent directly themselves.
      • Multiple answers can be recorded if the respondent received multiple different types of payment.
      SJJ_5. Which of the following types of pay (do/does) (you/NAME) receive for this work?
      • READ AND MARK ALL THAT APPLY
        • Code (a) (wage or salary) refers to payments in return for time worked. It can be an amount per hour, day, week, month or other time period. Wages or salaries are not directly dependent on the profits of business/organisation in which the respondent works, or sales etc.
        1. A wage or salary
      • 2. Payment by piece of work completed
      • 3. Commissions
      • 4. Tips
      • 5. Fees for services provided
        • Codes (f) and (g) refer to different types of payment in kind, i.e. where non-monetary payments are received.
        6. Payment with meals or accommodation
        • Codes (f) and (g) refer to different types of payment in kind, i.e. where non-monetary payments are received.
        7. Payment in products
        • Code (h) includes any other type of cash payment which is not covered by categories (a) to (e).
        8. OTHER CASH PAYMENT (Specify): ___________________
      • DO NOT READ
        • Code (i) should only be used for respondents who report that they do not directly receive any form of pay (for example helpers in family businesses who indicate not receiving any pay).
        9. NOT PAID → WKT_1
    • Purpose:
      • As part of the set of questions to identify dependent contractors among those who self-identified as working in a dependent employment relationship.
      • Those who are responsible for payment of their own taxes may be classified as dependent contractors within the ICSE classification.
      Adaptation:
      • This refers to the responsibility to pay taxes even if no taxes are actually paid, for example because the income earned is below a threshold required for payment of income related tax.
      • The underlying intention of the question is to help identify respondents who may have a commercial agreement for their services even though they might self-identify as working for someone else (i.e. as employees, apprentices, etc.).
      • Care should be taken to ensure informal workers answers refer to on who falls the responsibility for paying income tax, and not on whether income tax is actually paid or not.
      SJJ_5a. Is (your/NAME’s) employer responsible for deducting any taxes on (your/his/her) income or is that (your/NAME’s) responsibility?
      • 1. EMPLOYER IS RESPONSIBLE
      • 2. (YOU ARE/NAME IS) RESPONSIBLE
      • 3. NOT APPLICABLE
      • 4. DON’T KNOW
  • Purpose:
    • Module WKT “Working time in employment” is asked of all respondents who previously stated that they had more than one job or business.
    Adaptation:
    • The purpose of the module is to capture information on working time in the respondent’s different jobs and the total hours worked in all jobs. Two main concepts of working time identified in the international standards on the measurement of working time (18th ICLS, 2008) are covered in the module, namely hours actually worked and hours usually worked.
    • In addition to hours worked, questions are included relevant to the measurement of time related underemployment and other inadequate employment situations, in line with the latest international standards on these topics (19th ICLS 2013 and 16th ICLS 1998, respectively).
    • This module is a core part of any labour force survey sequence given the importance of analysis of working time, its role in productivity measurement and the link to the measurement of labour underutilization.
    Module WKT: Working time in Employment (ALL)
    • READ: Now, I would like to ask some questions about the hours that (you/NAME) work(s), starting with (your/his/her) main job.
    • Purpose:
      • To produce estimates of working time
      • As a reference for the measurement of time related underemployment
      Adaptation:
      • Hours usually worked per week refers to the typical value (mode) of the hours actually worked per week assessed over a longer reference period than the reference week, as self-declared by the respondent.
      • Record hours in 0.5 hour intervals. Round to the nearest 0.5 hours if necessary.
      • If the respondent reports variable hours encourage them to estimate the average over the last 4 weeks.
      • The upper hour threshold may need to be revised to fit national circumstances, in particular in cases where shift work or other types of work arrangements prevalent in certain industries may result in schedules of more than 112 hours usually worked in a given week.
      WKT_1. How many hours (do/does) (you/NAME) usually work per week in (your/his/her) main job?
      • HOURS PER WEEK ___ → WKT_4
      • 2. 997 FOR DON’T KNOW
    • Purpose:
      • To produce estimates of hours usually worked per week in combination with a question on hours usually worked per day
      Adaptation:
      • Only asked to respondents who could not provide an estimate of hours usually worked per week in response to the previous question.
      • This refers to the number of days on which any work is usually performed. If the number of days vary ask the respondent to estimate an average over the previous 4 weeks.
      WKT_2. How many days per week (do/does) (you/NAME) usually work in (your/his/her) main job?
      • NUMBER OF DAYS ___
    • Purpose:
      • To produce estimates of hours usually worked per week in combination with a question on number of days usually worked per week
      Adaptation:
      • Only asked to respondents who could not provide an estimate of hours usually worked per week.
      • This refers to the number of days on which any work is usually performed in the main job each week. If the number of hours per day vary ask the respondent to estimate an average over the previous 4 weeks.
      • The upper hour threshold may need to be revised to fit national circumstances, in particular in cases where shift work or other types of work arrangements prevalent in certain industries may result in schedules longer than 16 hours in a given day.
      WKT_3. And how many hours per day (do/does) (you/NAME) usually work in (your/his/her) main job?
      • HOURS PER DAY ___
    • Purpose:
      • As part of the sequence to estimate hours actually worked
      • Included to ensure respondents consider any absences from work when estimating hours actually worked in the reference week when estimating hours actually worked
      Adaptation:
      • Absences refer to any absences which could account for differences between usual hours of work and those actually worked in the reference week
      • The absence could be for any reason including holidays, sick leave, personal leave, etc.
      WKT_4. Last week, that is from [DAY] to [last DAY/yesterday], did (you/NAME) have any absences or take time off from (your/his/her) main job for any reason, for example, holidays, illness, family reasons?
      • 1. YES
      • 2. NO
    • Purpose:
      • As part of the sequence to estimate hours actually worked
      • Included to ensure respondents consider any hours in addition to normal worked during the reference week when estimate hours actually worked
      Adaptation:
      • The extra hours could be for any reason including voluntary or involuntary overtime. It includes extra hours worked whether paid or unpaid.
      • The reference point is hours usually worked as declared in previous questions
      WKT_5. Last week, were there any days when (you/NAME) worked more than usual or extra hours in (your/his/her) main job, paid or unpaid?
      • 1. YES
      • 2. NO → WKT_7
    • Purpose:
      • As part of the sequence to estimate hours actually worked
      • Included to ensure respondents consider any hours in addition to normal worked during the reference week when estimating hours actually worked
      Adaptation:
      • The extra hours could be for any reason including voluntary or involuntary overtime
      • The reference point is hours usually worked as declared in previous questions
      • Interviewers should be trained to capture the additional hours worked in the reference week, without taking into account any absence or time-off reported previously.
      WKT_6. For the entire week, how many extra hours was this?
      • NUMBER OF HOURS ___ (997 FOR DON’T KNOW)
    • Purpose:
      • To produce estimates of working time
      • To assess differences between usual and actual working hours
      Adaptation:
      • Hours actually worked refers to the time spent in a job for the performance of activities that contribute to the production of goods or services during the reference week. It includes direct hours carrying out the tasks and duties of the job, regardless of the location where they are performed; related hours spent maintaining or facilitating the work; down time due to interruptions of a technical, material or economic nature; and resting time spent for short periods according to established norms or national circumstances.
      • Record hours in 0.5 hour intervals. Round up or down to the nearest 0.5 hours if necessary.
      • If the respondent cannot provide a total number of hours actually worked, assist with recall by asking about hours worked per day and days worked in reference week.
      • The upper hour threshold may need to be revised to fit national circumstances, in particular in cases where shift work or other types of work arrangements prevalent in certain industries may result in schedules of more than 120 hours worked in a given week.
      WKT_7. In total, how many hours did (you/NAME) work in (your/his/her) main job last week?
      • NUMBER OF HOURS ___ (997 FOR DON’T KNOW)
    • IF MORE THAN ONE JOB (MJJ_1=02) →WKT_8, ELSE →WKT_14
    • Purpose:
      • To produce estimates of working time
      • As a reference for the measurement of time related underemployment
      Adaptation:
      • Hours usually worked per week refers to the typical value (mode) of the hours actually worked per week assessed over a longer reference period than the reference week, as self-declared by the respondent.
      • Record hours in 0.5 hour intervals. Round to the nearest 0.5 hours if necessary.
      • If the respondent reports variable hours encourage them to estimate the average over the last 4 weeks.
      • The upper hour threshold may need to be revised to fit national circumstances, in particular in cases where shift work or other types of work arrangements prevalent in certain industries may result in schedules of more than 84 hours usually worked in a given week although this is unlikely in a second job.
      WKT_8. How many hours (do/does) (you/NAME) usually work per week in (your/his/her) second job?
      • HOURS PER WEEK ___ → WKT_9
      • 2. 997 FOR DON’T KNOW → WKT_10
    • Purpose:
      • To identify whether hours worked in the reference week are more or less than usual. People who say their actual hours are the same as their usual hours will not need to be asked an additional question about actual hours.
      Adaptation:
      • To be recorded as declared by the respondent.
      WKT_9. Is that the number of hours (you/NAME) worked last week in (your/his/her) second job?
      • 1. YES → WKT_11
      • 2. NO
    • Purpose:
      • To produce estimates of working time
      • To assess differences between usual and actual working hours
      Adaptation:
      • Hours actually worked refers to the time spent in a job for the performance of activities that contribute to the production of goods or services during the reference week. It includes direct hours carrying out the tasks and duties of the job, regardless of the location where they are performed; related hours spent maintaining or facilitating the work; down time due to interruptions of a technical, material or economic nature; and resting time spent for short periods according to established norms or national circumstances.
      • Record hours in 0.5 hour intervals. Round up or down to the nearest 0.5 hours if necessary.
      • If the respondent cannot provide a total number of hours actually worked in the second job, assist with recall by asking about hours worked per day and days worked in the second job in the reference week.
      • The upper hour threshold may need to be revised to fit national circumstances, in particular in cases where shift work or other types of work arrangements prevalent in certain industries may result in schedules of more than 84 hours usually worked in a given week.
      WKT_10. How many hours did (you/NAME) work last week in (your/his/her) second job?
      • NUMBER OF HOURS ___ (997 FOR DON’T KNOW)
    • Purpose:
      • To identify those with more than two jobs or businesses
      • To enable questions to be asked on hours worked in additional jobs for those with more than two jobs
      Adaptation:
      • Refer to guidance for MJJ_1 (multiple job holding question).
      WKT_11. Did you have any other jobs last week?
      • 1. YES
      • 2. NO → WKT_14a
    • Purpose:
      • To produce estimates of working time in all jobs
      • As a reference for the measurement of time related underemployment
      Adaptation:
      • Optional – to be included where estimates of total working time in all jobs are needed.
      • Only asked of those who reported having more than two jobs.
      • To be reported for all other jobs in total
      • Hours usually worked per week refers to the typical value (mode) of the hours actually worked per week assessed over a longer reference period than the reference week, as self-declared by the respondent.
      • Record hours in 0.5 hour intervals. Round to the nearest 0.5 hours if necessary.
      • If the respondent reports variable hours encourage them to estimate the average over the last 4 weeks.
      WKT_12. How many hours (do/does) (you/NAME) usually work per week in (your/his/her) other job(s)?
      • HOURS PER WEEK ___ → WKT_13
      • 2. 997 FOR DON’T KNOW → WKT_14
    • Purpose:
      • To identify whether hours worked in the reference week are more or less than usual. People who say their actual hours are the same as their usual hours will not need to be asked an additional question about actual hours.
      Adaptation:
      • To be recorded as declared by the respondent.
      WKT_13. Is that the number of hours (you/NAME) worked last week in (your/his/her) other job(s)?
      • 1. YES → WKT_14a
      • 2. NO
    • Purpose:
      • To produce estimates of working time
      • To assess differences between usual and actual working hours
      Adaptation:
      • Hours actually worked refers to the time spent in a job for the performance of activities that contribute to the production of goods or services during the reference week. It includes direct hours carrying out the tasks and duties of the job, regardless of the location where they are performed; related hours spent maintaining or facilitating the work; down time due to interruptions of a technical, material or economic nature; and resting time spent for short periods according to established norms or national circumstances.
      • Record for all other jobs in total
      • Record hours in 0.5 hour intervals. Round up or down to the nearest 0.5 hours if necessary.
      • If the respondent cannot provide a total number of hours actually worked, assist with recall by asking about hours worked per day and days worked in reference week.
      WKT_14. How many hours did (you/NAME) work last week in (your/his/her) other job(s)?
      • NUMBER OF HOURS ___ (997 FOR DON’T KNOW)
    • INTERVIEWER: FOR RESPONDENTS WITH MORE THAN ONE JOB NOW CALCULATE TWO TOTALS:
    • 1. TOTAL HOURS USUALLY WORKED IN ALL JOBS
    • 2. TOTAL HOURS ACTUALLY WORKED IN ALL JOBS
    • CONFIRM THESE TOTALS WITH THE RESPONDENT. IF THE RESPONDENT CONFIRMS THE TOTALS ENTER THEM BELOW. IF THE RESPONDENT DOES NOT AGREE WITH THE TOTALS, ASK THEM FOR THE CORRECT TOTALS AND ENTER THEM BELOW. THEN CONTINUE WITH QUESTION WKT_15.
    • TOTAL HOURS USUALLY WORKED IN ALL JOBS _____
    • TOTAL HOURS ACTUALLY WORKED IN ALL JOBS ____
    • Purpose:
      • To identify people who actively searched for other work even if the person is currently in employment
      Adaptation:
      • It refers to search for an additional job to the current one(s) or search for a new job to replace the current one. The search can be within the current economic unit or in a different economic unit.
      • Within the question use the specific dates which cover the 4 weeks before the interview.
      • Any active measure to seek employment should be included as YES. See guidelines for questions on job search for further guidance.
      WKT_15. During the last four weeks, that is from [DATE] up to [last DAY/yesterday] did (you/NAME) look for additional or other paid work?
      • 1. YES
      • 2. NO
    • ASK ONLY IF WKT_14a<40
    • Purpose:
      • Part of the sequence of questions required to identify people in time-related underemployment. That is people who want to work more hours and are available to do so and worked below an established hours’ threshold in all of their jobs.
      • Part of the computation of measures of labour underutilization.
      Adaptation:
      • It refers to desire to work more hours than usually worked provided that these are remunerated. This may be in any of the current job(s) or in a different job.
      • Should be recorded with regard to the usual working hours in all jobs regardless of the hours actually worked in the reference week.
      • For computer assisted implementation countries could choose to apply a threshold of hours to ask this question, based on a national boundary between full-time and part-time employment. Respondent’s whose usual hours worked in all jobs were higher than this threshold could skip this question and proceed to the question on desire to change job/business. This can be difficult to implement through PAPI.
      WKT_16. Would (you/NAME) want to work more hours per week than usually worked, provided the extra hours are paid?
      • 1. YES
      • 2. NO → WKT_19
    • Purpose:
      • Part of the sequence of questions required to identify people in time-related underemployment. That is people who want to work more hours and are available to do so and worked below an established hour’s threshold in all of their jobs.
      • Part of the computation of measures of labour underutilization.
      Adaptation:
      • It refers to time availability with respect to the usual situation (not just the situation before the week).
      • The reference period for availability is two weeks from the date of the interview.
      WKT_17. Could (you/NAME) start working more hours within the next two weeks?
      • 1. YES
      • 2. NO → WKT_19
    • Purpose:
      • To estimate the volume of time-related underemployment.
      Adaptation:
      • The additional hours should be reported based on usual hours worked in all jobs. It refers to the extra hours they wish to work in addition to those usually worked not the total number of desired hours per week.
      • This refers to the respondent’s preferred working situation (not the maximum number they could feasibly work).
      WKT_18. How many additional hours per week could (you/NAME) work?
      • ADDITIONAL HOURS PER WEEK ____ (997 FOR DON’T KNOW)
    • ASK ALL EMPLOYED
    • Purpose:
      • To identify people who wish to change current employment situation. This will help to identify persons in inadequate employment situations.
      Adaptation:
      • To be recorded as declared by the respondent.
      • The intention is to capture that the person is not satisfied with their current working arrangement. This should not be constrained by whether such a change is possible.
      • This refers to their employment situation and not just their main job if the respondent holds multiple jobs. For example the respondent may wish to change from having two part-time jobs to one full-time job. This should be recorded as code 01 ‘YES’ here.
      WKT_19. (Do/Does) (you/NAME) want to change (your/his/her) current employment situation?
      • 1. YES
      • 2. NO → OPA_CHK
    • Purpose:
      • To identify the reason that the respondent wishes to change their employment situation
      Adaptation:
      • This refers to their overall employment situation, not just a main job.
      • The response categories may be adapted to reflect national policy interest in different types of inadequate employment situation. Bear in mind that the analysis is limited to the ‘main reason’. More thorough analysis of types of inadequate employment situations such as skills mismatch would require additional questions.
      WKT_20. What is the main reason why (you/NAME) want(s) to change (your/his/her) employment situation?
      • 1. PRESENT JOB(S) IS/ARE TEMPORARY
      • 2. TO HAVE A BETTER PAID JOB
      • 3. TO HAVE MORE CLIENTS/BUSINESS
      • 4. TO WORK MORE HOURS
      • 5. TO WORK FEWER HOURS
      • 6. TO BETTER MATCH SKILLS
      • 7. TO WORK CLOSER TO HOME
      • 8. TO IMPROVE OTHER WORKING CONDITIONS
      • 9. OTHER (SPECIFY): __________________
    • ALL →OPA MODULE
  • Purpose:
    • Module OPA “Own-use production of agriculture goods among employed” is used to recover own use production of agriculture goods among respondents who were initially identified as employed at the start of the personal interview. The module identifies if the respondent was engaged in any of the types of activities covered. For those who were it collects information on the main products and hours worked in the reference week.
    Adaptation:
    • This module is essential for countries wishing to produce a comprehensive measure of own use production of goods, in particular foodstuff from agriculture or fishing, in addition to employment and unemployment estimates typically produced from the LFS.
    • Module OPA is meant to be used together with Modules AGF (Job-type start), for a complete identification of own-use producers of foodstuff among the working age population, irrespective of their labour force status.
    • Additional inclusion of Module OPG will enable a complete identification of own-use producers of goods among the working age population.
    Module OPA: Own use production of agriculture goods among Employed persons (JOB+MAC)
    • ASK IF ATW_1=01, ELSE →OPG_1
    • READ: The next questions are about unpaid work in farming or fishing that (you/NAME) may have done for your household or family. That is not to sell.
    • Purpose:
      • Part of the sequence to identify own-use producers of goods from agriculture
      • To support identification of own-use producers of foodstuff, regardless of their labour force status
      Adaptation:
      • The question should be asked only to employed persons who skipped module AGF (ATW=01).
      • Response items (a), (b), (c) and (d) should not be collapsed. Their separate listing aims to improve better reporting of own-use production work in these activities. It can also aid in coding information on the branch of economic activity and occupation during data processing.
      • Only activities mainly intended to produce goods for final consumption or use by the household or family should be included.
      • Multiple responses are valid except in the case of Code (d) NONE OF THE ABOVE.
      OPA_1. Last week, from [DAY] up to [DAY], did (you/NAME) …?
      • READ AND MARK ALL THAT APPLY
        • Codes (a) and (b) refer to crop production. This includes all activities covered under groups 011, 012, 013 and 0161, 0163, 0164 (Division 01) of the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC rev. 4). Examples include growing any kind of produce such as cereals, rice vegetables, fruits, nuts, etc, and related activities such as preparing the land, harvesting.
        • National translations of response item (a) should avoid use of the term “agriculture”.
        • Accumulated experience suggest the term is not widely interpreted as intended.
        1. Work or help in any farming activities to produce food for the family
        • Codes (a) and (b) refer to crop production. This includes all activities covered under groups 011, 012, 013 and 0161, 0163, 0164 (Division 01) of the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC rev. 4). Examples include growing any kind of produce such as cereals, rice vegetables, fruits, nuts, etc, and related activities such as preparing the land, harvesting.
        • Response item (b) is included to improve reporting of faming work done in kitchen gardens and orchards, which experience indicates tend to be underreported affecting in particular identification of women engaged in agriculture work.
        2. Keep or help in a family [kitchen garden or orchard]
        • Code (c) refers to animal production. This includes all activities covered under group 014 (Division 01) of the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC rev. 4). Examples include raising or breeding cattle, sheep, poultry, goats, pigs, bee keeping, etc. It also includes activities to produce by-products such as eggs and dairy products.
        3. Rear or tend farm animals kept by the family
      • 4. Work or help in family fishing (or fish farming) activities
      • DO NOT READ
      • 5. NONE OF THE ABOVE → OPG_1
    • Purpose:
      • For analysis of the main types of agriculture goods produced for own final use.
      • To enable the data coder to find the appropriate ISIC Rev.4 Code or corresponding national classification.
      Adaptation:
      • If needed, give examples to assist the respondent. List examples typical of the local area or region (e.g: corn, rice, pigs, chicken, freshwater fish).
      • If the respondent reports multiple products ask them to indicate which ones were the main ones (this could be based on quantity, value, amount of time spent but mainly the respondent should be asked to identify this without further guidance if possible).
      • Record enough information about the main goods or products produced to enable coding at 4 Digits level of the classification, i.e. avoid generic terms like ‘crops’.
      OPA_2. What are the main (animals, farming, and/or [fishing]) products that (you/NAME) (are/is) working on for the family?
      • For example: [citrus fruits, vegetables, freshwater fish, cattle, chicken, rice]
      • MAIN CROPS ____________
      • ISIC CODE:_____
    • Purpose:
      • To allow the calculation of hours actually worked in the reference week/7 days by collecting first the number of days worked and then the average number of hours per day
      • To produce estimates of working time in own-use agriculture
      Adaptation:
      • Respondents should report any day during the reference period when they carried out the activity even for a short period of time.
      OPA_3. On how many days did (you/NAME) do this work last week?
      • NUMBER OF DAYS ___
    • Purpose:
      • To allow the calculation of hours actually worked in the reference week in own-use agriculture work
      • To produce estimates of working time in own-use agriculture
      Adaptation:
      • The number to be entered is the average number per day that the respondent actually worked on. For example if the respondent reported working on 3 days and on those days they worked 1 hour, 3 hours and 5 hours then the average per day worked is 3 hours and that should be recorded here.
      • Hours actually worked refers to time spent directly on and in relation to work activities by the respondent to produce goods intended mainly for own final consumption by the household or family.
      • Record hours in 0.5 hour intervals. If the respondent gives a response in some other way (e.g. 10 hours 20 minutes), round up or down to the nearest 0.5 hours (i.e. 10.5 hours).
      • If needed, help the respondent by getting them to talk about how much time they spent on each of the days they worked as reported for the previous question.
      • Exclude time spent travelling between the home and the land plot, fishing docks, etc. for example at the start and end of the work day, as well as time spent on long breaks, for example, meal breaks.
      • For data quality assurance a maximum hour’s threshold should be established, taking into account the national context.
      OPA_4. How many hours per day did (you/NAME) spend doing this last week?
      • HOURS PER DAY ______ (97 FOR DON’T KNOW) → OPG_1
  • Purpose:
    • Module SRH “Job search and availability” is asked of all respondents not identified as employed in the reference week. The purpose of the module is to identify different situations of labour underutilization including unemployment and people in the potential labour force as defined in Resolution I of the 19th ICLS.
    Adaptation:
    • In addition to the core questions on search, desire and availability for work the sequence includes questions on reasons for not seeking and non-availability for work to enable a wider range of barriers to labour market engagement.
    • This module is a core part of any labour force survey sequence as it is the source of the unemployment rate and other labour underutilization indicators.
    Module SRH: Job search and availability (ALL)
    • Purpose:
      • To identify people who were actively searching for employment.
      • Part of the sequence of questions required to identify the unemployed and the potential labour force.
      Adaptation:
      • Within the question use the specific dates which cover the 4 weeks before the interview.
      • Any activity to seek a paid job should be recorded as YES, even if the amount of activity was low or if the job sought was a casual job for only few hours a week.
      SRH_1. During the last four weeks, that is from [DATE] up to [last DAY/yesterday] did (you/NAME) do anything to find a paid job?
      • 1. YES → SRH_3
      • 2. NO
    • Purpose:
      • To identify people who were actively searching for employment.
      • Part of the sequence of questions required to identify the unemployed and the potential labour force.
      Adaptation:
      • Any activity to try to start a business should be recorded, even if the amount of activity was low. Typical activities to start a business would include applying for loans, looking for land, buildings or equipment or applying for a licence to start a business.
      • This refers to the activities which take place up to the point where the business is operational and ready to take customers or produce goods or services. Looking for clients once the business is operational is considered as part of the work in the business and part of the working time.
      SRH_2. Or did (you/NAME) try to start a business?
      • 1. YES
      • 2. NO → SRH_7
    • Purpose:
      • To confirm that an active search method was used to find a job or to start a business.
      Adaptation:
      • Only record the main job search activity used in case the respondent reports multiple job search methods.
      • The same reference period of a 4 weeks should be used as was used for the first job search question.
      SRH_3. What did (you/NAME) mainly do in the last four weeks to (find a paid job/start a business)?
      • 1. APPLY TO PROSPECTIVE EMPLOYERS → SRH_6
      • 2. PLACE OR ANSWER JOB ADVERTISETMENTS → SRH_6
      • 3. STUDY OR READ JOB ADVERTISEMENTS
      • 4. POST/UPDATE RESUME ON PROFESSIONAL/SOCIAL NETWORKING SITES → SRH_6
      • 5. REGISTER WITH (PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT CENTRE) → SRH_6
      • 6. REGISTER WITH A PRIVATE EMPLOYMENT CENTRE/AGENCY → SRH_6
      • 7. TAKE A TEST OR INTERVIEW → SRH_6
      • 8. SEEK HELP FROM RELATIVES, FRIENDS, OTHERS → SRH_6
      • 9. CHECK AT FACTORIES, WORK SITES → SRH_6
      • 10. WAIT ON THE STREET TO BE RECRUITED → SRH_6
      • 11. SEEK FINANCIAL HELP TO START A BUSINESS → SRH_6
      • 12. LOOK FOR LAND, BUILDING, EQUIPMENT, MATERIALS TO START A BUSINESS → SRH_6
      • 13. APPLY FOR A PERMIT OR LICENSE TO START A BUSINESS → SRH_6
      • 14. OTHER (SPECIFY): → SRH_6
    • Purpose:
      • To assess additional job search methods used by those reporting a passive method as the main job search method
      Adaptation:
      • Studying/reading job advertisements may be considered as a passive job search method as it does not entail a contact with a prospective job/business opportunity. As a consequence those who only read job advertisements could be excluded from labour underutilization measures. This question ensures that those who report studying/reading job advertisements as their main method of job search can still be identified as having undertaken active job search.
      • Only asked of those who reported reading or studying advertisements as their main activity to search for a job or start a business.
      SRH_4. In addition to reading job advertisements, did (you/NAME) do anything else in the last four weeks to (find a paid job/start a business)?
      • 1. YES
      • 2. NO → SRH_6
    • Purpose:
      • To confirm that those whose main search activity was studying/reading a job advertisement had used an additional active search method to find a job or to start a business.
      Adaptation:
      • The same reference period of a 4 weeks should be used as was used for the previous job search question.
      SRH_5. What else did (you/NAME) do?
      • 1. APPLY TO PROSPECTIVE EMPLOYERS
      • 2. PLACE OR ANSWER JOB ADVERTISETMENTS
      • 3. POST/UPDATE RESUME ON PROFESSIONAL/SOCIAL NETWORKING SITES
      • 4. REGISTER WITH (PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT CENTRE)
      • 5. REGISTER WITH A PRIVATE EMPLOYMENT CENTRE/AGENCY
      • 6. TAKE A TEST OR INTERVIEW
      • 7. SEEK HELP FROM RELATIVES, FRIENDS, OTHERS
      • 8. CHECK AT FACTORIES, WORK SITES
      • 9. WAIT ON THE STREET TO BE RECRUITED
      • 10. SEEK FINANCIAL HELP TO START A BUSINESS
      • 11. LOOK FOR LAND, BUILDING, EQUIPMENT, MATERIALS TO START A BUSINESS
      • 12. APPLY FOR A PERMIT OR LICENSE TO START A BUSINESS
      • 13. OTHER (SPECIFY):
    • Purpose:
      • To identify the duration of unemployment for people who are currently unemployed.
      • To identify persons in long-term unemployment.
      Adaptation:
      • The respondent should indicate the duration and the interviewer should code the response to the response categories.
      • The duration will be the shorter of the time since the respondent last worked and the time the person has been seeking work. For example if the respondent has been looking for work for 6 months but did some work for pay 3 months ago then the duration would be 3 months.
      SRH_6. For how long (has/have) (you/NAME) been without work and trying to find a paid job or start a business?
      • 1. LESS THAN 1 MONTH → SRH_11
      • 2. ONE MONTH TO < 3 MONTHS → SRH_11
      • 3. THREE MONTHS TO < 6 MONTHS → SRH_11
      • 4. SIX MONTHS TO < 12 MONTHS → SRH_11
      • 5. ONE YEAR TO < 2 YEARS → SRH_11
      • 6. TWO YEARS OR MORE → SRH_11
    • Purpose:
      • For respondents who are not currently seeking work this identifies people who have looked for work at some time in the past 12 months. This can be compared to the current unemployment situation to assess if this gives additional information about pressure on the labour market.
      Adaptation:
      • Only asked of respondents not currently employed and not currently seeking work as captured in earlier questions.
      • Any activity over the previous 12 months should be recorded as a YES.
      SRH_7. At any time in the last 12 months, that is since [MONTH] up to last month, did (you/NAME) look for a paid job or try to start a business?
      • 1. YES
      • 2. NO
    • Purpose:
      • To identify respondents who would want to work if the work was available.
      • Part of the sequence of questions required to identify the potential labour force.
      Adaptation:
      • This is only asked of people who are not looking for work currently. The focus of the question should be on the person’s desire for work and not on the type of work or how the work would be found.
      • The response should be a spontaneous indication of the respondent and the interviewer should not guide the respondent about the type of work or level of pay which would be involved.
      SRH_8. At present (do/does) (you/NAME) want to work?
      • 1. YES
      • 2. NO → SRH_14
    • Purpose:
      • To identify the reasons for not seeking work. This will include discouraged workers who are not looking for work as they do not believe it is available. This allows an assessment of the barriers to engagement with the labour market.
      • As part of the sequence to identify future starters who have found a job to start in the future who may be considered unemployed subject to other criteria.
      Adaptation:
      • If the respondent mentions multiple reasons, one of which is category 03 (waiting to start a new job or business), record 03. Otherwise, if multiple reasons are indicated the main reason, as subjectively reported by the respondent, should be recorded.
      SRH_9. What is the main reason why (you/NAME) did not try to find a paid job or start a business in the last four weeks?
      • 1. WAITING FOR RESULTS OF A PREVIOUS SEARCH → SRH_11
      • 2. AWAITING RECALL FROM A PREVIOUS JOB → SRH_11
      • 3. WAITING FOR THE SEASON TO START → SRH_11
      • 4. WAITING TO START NEW JOB OR BUSINESS
      • 5. TIRED OF LOOKING FOR JOBS, NO JOBS IN AREA → SRH_11
      • 6. NO JOBS MATCHING SKILLS, LACKS EXPERIENCE → SRH_11
      • 7. CONSIDERED TOO YOUNG/OLD BY EMPLOYERS → SRH_11
      • 8. IN STUDIES, TRAINING → SRH_11
      • 9. FAMILY / HOUSEHOLD RESPONSIBILITIES → SRH_11
      • 10. IN AGRICULTURE / FISHING FOR FAMILY USE → SRH_11
      • 11. OWN DISABILITY, INJURY, ILLNESS → SRH_11
      • 12. RETIRED, PENSIONER, OTHER SOURCES OF INCOME → SRH_11
      • 13. OTHER (SPECIFY): __________________ → SRH_11
    • Purpose:
      • To identify respondents who have found a job to start within a short subsequent period or who have concrete plans to start a business within a short subsequent period.
      Adaptation:
      • Those starting within a short subsequent period to be determined as per national circumstances will be considered unemployed if they are available for work as identified in later questions.
      • The duration is defined as from the date of interview.
      SRH_10. How soon (do/does) (you/NAME) expect to start working in this new job or business?
      • 1. ONE MONTH OR LESS
      • 2. MORE THAN ONE MONTH AND UP TO THREE MONTHS
      • 3. MORE THAN THREE MONTHS
    • Purpose:
      • To identify respondents who are available for work whether or not they were looking for work.
      • Part of the sequence of questions required to identify the unemployed and the potential labour force
      Adaptation:
      • The focus of this question is on the respondent’s time availability to start work in a short period (the week before the interview) should a job or business opportunity existed. The respondent should not be required to consider any specific type of job or pay. He or she should reply in reference to their time availability and not on the basis of the characteristics of the job or business.
      SRH_11. If it depended on you, could (you/NAME) have started working last week?
      • 1. YES → PWE_1
      • 2. NO
    • Purpose:
      • To identify respondents who are available for work whether or not they were looking for work.
      • Part of the sequence of questions required to identify the unemployed and the potential labour force
      Adaptation:
      • For respondents who were not available in the reference week (i.e. they said no to the previous question) they are asked if they would be available in the two weeks following the interview.
      • The focus of this question is on the respondent’s time availability to start work in a short subsequent period should a job or business opportunity existed. The respondent should not be required to consider any type of job or pay. He or she should reply in reference to their time availability and not on the basis of the characteristics of the job or business.
      SRH_12. Or, could (you/NAME) start working within the next two weeks?
      • 1. YES → PWE_1
      • 2. NO
    • Purpose:
      • To allow the analysis of reasons for unavailability for work. The different reasons can indicate different levels of attachment to the labour market.
      Adaptation:
      • This is asked of people who are not employed and not available to work, whether they are seeking or not.
      SRH_13. Why is that?
      • 1. AWAITING RECALL FROM A PREVIOUS JOB → PWE_1
      • 2. WAITING FOR THE SEASON TO START → PWE_1
      • 3. IN STUDIES, TRAINING → PWE_1
      • 4. FAMILY / HOUSEHOLD RESPONSIBILITIES → PWE_1
      • 5. IN AGRICULTURE / FISHING FOR FAMILY USE → PWE_1
      • 6. RETIRED, PENSIONER → PWE_1
      • 7. OWN DISABILITY, INJURY, ILLNESS → PWE_1
    • Purpose:
      • For evaluation purposes, to classify those who are not employed according to their main activity
      • It may be compared with the Labour Force Status classification to identify groups who self-identify differently but are nonetheless engaged in the labour market (as identified in the labour force status classification).
      Adaptation:
      • The list of categories could be added to depending on national interest and relevance of categories. Care is needed to keep the list at a reasonable length as it will be read out to the respondent.
      • This is a self-perception question. It should reflect which category the respondent feels best describes what they mainly do. It could be the activity they spend most time on or the activity they feel is most important but should in general be reported as their self-perception.
      • The notion of “at present” is to be interpreted as understood by the respondent. There is no pre-defined reference period in the past.
      SRH_14. Which of the following best describes what (you/NAME) (are/is) mainly doing at present?
      • READ
      • 1. Studying or training
      • 2. Engaged in household or family responsibilities
      • 3. Farming or fishing to produce food for the family
      • 4. Retired or pensioner
      • 5. With a long term illness, injury or disability
      • 6. Doing volunteering, community or charity work
      • 7. Engaged in cultural or leisure activities
      • 8. OTHER (SPECIFY): __________________
    • ALL → PWE MODULE
  • Purpose:
    • Module PWE is asked of all respondents identified as NOT employed in the reference week. The module serves to provide information on the work experience of those currently not employed, including duration since last stopped working, main reason to stop working; and the occupation, branch of economic activity, status in employment and duration of their last job. Additionally, it supports identification of persons who recently lost a job (i.e. recent job losers). Together with the module on “Job search and availability” (SRH) it also enables identification of first time job seekers.
    Module PWE: Previous employment experience (ALL)
    • Purpose:
      • To identify persons not in employment with past employment experience
      Adaptation:
      • Only asked for those not in employment in the reference period
      • Refers to any previous employment in a paid job or a personal or family business, including part-time, casual, informal or short-hour jobs.
      • It excludes previous experience in unpaid forms of work, including volunteer work, unpaid trainee work, or own-use production work.
      PWE_1. (Have/Has) (you/NAME) ever had a paid job or another income-generating activity, even if for a short period?
      • 1. YES
      • 2. NO → OPG_1
    • Purpose:
      • To enable analysis by date since last stopped working
      Adaptation:
      • It refers to the year in which the respondent stopped working for the last employer or in his/her last business, even if the engagement was of short duration or informal.
      • For respondents who last worked as dependent workers (ie. employees, apprentices, contributing family workers) this refers to the year when the person stopped working for their last employer or for the family business. For those who last worked as independent workers it refers to the year the person stopped working in his/her business activity.
      • When a respondent has had a series of renewed temporary engagements with the same economic unit, the period since last worked in that economic unit should be based on the last engagement with the economic unit.
      • For respondents who were employed through agencies, for example in multi-party employment arrangements, the period last worked should be with the agency not the client of the agency
      PWE_2a. In which year did (you/NAME) last stop working?
      • YEAR ____
      • 2. 9997 FOR DON’T KNOW → PWE_2c
    • Purpose:
      • To enable analysis by period since last stopped working
      Adaptation:
      • See notes for year when last stopped working.
      PWE_2b. And which month?
      • 1. JANUARY → PWE_3
      • 2. FEBRUARY → PWE_3
      • 3. MARCH → PWE_3
      • 4. APRIL → PWE_3
      • 5. MAY → PWE_3
      • 6. JUNE → PWE_3
      • 7. JULY → PWE_3
      • 8. AUGUST → PWE_3
      • 9. SEPTEMBER → PWE_3
      • 10. OCTOBER → PWE_3
      • 11. NOVEMBER → PWE_3
      • 12. DECEMBER → PWE_3
      • 13. DONT’KNOW → PWE_3
    • Purpose:
      • Recovery question for respondents who do not recall the exact year when stopped working
      • To enable analysis by period since last stopped working
      Adaptation:
      • The respondent should indicate the period since they stopped working for the last employer or in his/her last business, even if the engagement was of short duration or informal.
      • See notes for year when last stopped working
      • The response categories may be adapted depending on national interest and relevance of categories.
      • Countries may consider including a filter to restrict the collection of data on previous employment experience to those who last stopped working within a specified recent period (e.g. last 5-8 years). The period limit should take into consideration the typical duration of “breaks” from employment taken by women to start a family, or by particular groups to return to further education, etc, as well as the periodicity of data collection on the topic.
      PWE_2c. How long ago was it that (you/NAME) last stop working?
      • 1. LESS THAN ONE MONTH AGO
      • 2. 1 TO LESS THAN 3 MONTHS AGO
      • 3. 3 TO LESS THAN 6 MONTHS AGO
      • 4. 6 TO LESS THAN 12 MONTHS AGO
      • 5. 1 TO LESS THAN 3 YEARS AGO
      • 6. 3 TO LESS THAN 5 YEARS AGO
      • 7. 5 TO LESS THAN 8 YEARS AGO
      • 8. 8 YEARS AND MORE AGO
      • 9. DON’T KNOW
    • Purpose:
      • To identify the main reason for leaving or stopping the last job.
      • To identify recent job losers
      Adaptation:
      • If the respondent mentions multiple reasons for stopping work, only the main reason for stopping work as self-declared by the respondent should be selected.
      PWE_3. Why did (you/NAME) stop working in that job or income generating activity?
        • Code 01 covers cases where the respondent had a temporary contract or agreement of employment that ended and the respondent had to stop working for the employer.
        1. JOB CONTRACT ENDED
        • Code 02 covers cases where a respondent stopped work because their place of work closed down or their business had to stop or close down. There could be different reasons why the business closed down, including bankruptcy, government order closure, etc.
        2. BUSINESS STOPED OR CLOSED
        • Code 03 covers cases where a respondent stopped work to look for a better job by way of resignation. This refers mainly to a formal notice to an employer of voluntary termination of employment by an employee.
        3. TO LOOK FOR A BETTER JOB
        • Code 04 covers cases where the respondent was dismissed from their work due to reasons like failure to do the job, misconduct, etc.
        4. FIRED, DISMISSED
        • Code 05 refers to where the respondent was made redundant. For example, this may be due to reduction of costs or spending in response to economic difficulty.
        5. RETRENCHMENT, LAID OFF
        • Code 06 refers to normal retirement according to national laws on retirement as well as where a respondent by choice or other reasons took early retirement.
        6. RETIRED
        • Code 07 covers the respondents who stop working to pursue their studies. This includes all kinds of education or training.
        7. EDUCATION, TRAINING
        • Code 08 covers cases where the respondent stopped working due to pregnancy or to take care of own children.
        8. CHILDBIRTH, CARE FOR CHILDEN
        • Code 09 cover cases where the respondent stopped working because of family reasons other than childcare. This may include marriage, care for other relatives, etc.
        9. OTHER FAMILY REASONS
        • Code 10 refers to a situation where a respondent was unable to continue work due to ill health, an injury or a disability.
        10. ILLNESS, INJURY, DISABILITY
      • 11. CHANGED PLACE OF RESIDENCE
      • 12. OTHER
    • Purpose:
      • To capture the occupation of the respondent in their last job.
      • To capture sufficient detail to enable the data coder to find the appropriate ISCO-08 (or national classification) code.
      • To support analysis of job loss by essential characteristics of the job.
      Adaptation:
      • Occupation refers to the kind of work performed in a job.
      • The interviewer should ask the question but record two pieces of information based on the response received.
      • The first piece of information is the ‘Occupational title’ (PWE_4).
      • The second piece of information is the ‘Main tasks and duties’ (PWE_4a).
      • The second piece of information is the ‘Main tasks and duties’ (PWE_4a).
      • It is vital to capture sufficiently detailed information about the title and main tasks or duties to enable coding at 4 Digits level. For example, if the respondent says he/she is a teacher, the interviewer should inquire further as to what type of teacher- primary school, vocational school, subject matter taught, language, etc and then record both the title and the tasks and duties reported.
      • The examples should be adapted to list nationally relevant occupations. Detailed descriptions should be provided in the examples, as these are meant as guidance for the interviewer, and not to be read aloud. This includes examples of occupational titles (e.g. long-distance truck driver) and of relevant main task and duties associated with that occupation (e.g. transporting goods between cities) to highlight the type of information required for detailed coding.
      PWE_4. What kind of work did (you/NAME) do in that job or income generating activity?
      • ([e.g. Cattle farmer –breed, raise and sell cattle; Policeman –patrol the streets; Cook –plan and prepare meals; Primary school teacher –teach children how to read and write])
      • OCCUPATIONAL TITLE, IF ANY ___________________
      • MAIN TASKS AND DUTIES __________________
      • ISCO CODE: ______
    • Purpose:
      • To capture the status in employment of the respondent in their last job
      • To support analysis of job loss by essential characteristics of the job
      Adaptation:
      • Status in employment refers to the type of relationship between the respondent and the unit they worked for.
      PWE_5. (Do/does) (you/NAME) work…?
      • READ
        • Code 1: The respondent held a job with a written or oral contract which gave him/her a basic pay that was not directly dependent on the revenue of the unit in which he/she worked for. The term “employee” aims to capture casual, temporary as well as permanent employees in formal or informal employment situations. At national level, additional keywords or common terms may be needed to ensure wide coverage of employees in different employment situations (e.g. day labourer).
        1. As an [employee]
        • Code 2: The respondent worked on his/her own account or with partners, and regularly hired at least one employee to work in the business.
        2. As an employer (with hired employees)
        • Code 3: The respondent worked on (his/her) own account or with partners, without regularly hiring any employees to work in the business. The phrase “business activity” should be adapted to the national context to ensure that own-account workers self-identify as such regardless of the type of their independent activity.
        3. In (your/his/her) own business activity
        • Code 4: The respondent worked without pay to support the operation of a business activity of a household member or a family member living elsewhere
        4. Helping in a family or household business
        • Code 5: The respondent had a paid job as an apprentice, intern or trainee to acquire workplace experience or skills.
        5. As an apprentice, intern
    • Purpose:
      • Part of the sequence of questions needed to identify the branch of economic activity (industry) of the establishment where the last job was located
      • To enable the data coder to find the appropriate ISIC Rev.4 code (or equivalent national classification)
      • To support analysis of job loss by essential characteristics of the job
      Adaptation:
      • To aid in coding, interviewers should be trained to record 2 pieces of information. The first piece of information is the ‘Main activity’ (PWE_6), the second is the main ‘goods or services’ produced (PWE_6a). This is then used to assign a code according to the ISIC or national equivalent classification (PWE_6b).
      • It is vital to have enough information about the main goods or products produced or service rendered at the place of work to enable coding at 4 Digits level.
      • The examples should be adapted to list nationally relevant industries, products and services. Detailed descriptions should be provided in the examples, as these are meant as guidance for the interviewer, and not to be read aloud. This includes descriptive words that illustrate the main activity of an establishment (e.g. pharmacy) and of relevant main goods or services provided (e.g. sale of medicines to the general public) to highlight the type of information required for detailed coding.
      PWE_6. What was the main activity of the business or place where (you/NAME) worked?
      • ([e.g.: Police Department - public safety; Restaurant - preparing and serving meals; Transport Company - long distance transport of goods])
      • MAIN ACTIVITY _________________
      • GOODS OR SERVICES _________________
      • ISIC CODE:_____
    • Purpose:
      • To support assessments of previous employment experience
      • To support analysis of job loss by essential characteristics of the job
      Adaptation:
      • It refers to the total duration of time the respondent worked for his/her last employer or in his/her last business.
      • For respondents who last worked as dependent workers (ie. employees, apprentices, contributing family workers) this refers to the total duration of employment with their last employer, or family business. For those who last worked as independent workers it refers to the total duration the person worked in his/her business activity.
      • When a respondent had a series of renewed temporary engagements with the same economic unit, the duration of last employment should refer to the total duration since the first engagement, unless the gap between engagements was one month or longer.
      • For respondents who were employed through agencies, for example in multi-party employment arrangements, the duration of last job should refer to their engagement with the agency not the clients of the agency
      • For respondent who were transferred between different establishments or locations within an enterprise, or enterprise group, or between different ministries or departments within the same government, the duration of last employment should be based on the highest level institutional unit considered as a single economic unit.
      PWE_7. How long in total did (you/NAME) work in that job or income generating activity?
      • 1. LESS THAN ONE MONTH
      • 2. 1 TO LESS THAN 3 MONTHS
      • 3. 3 TO LESS THAN 6 MONTHS
      • 4. 6 TO LESS THAN 12 MONTHS
      • 5. 1 TO LESS THAN 3 YEARS
      • 6. 3 TO LESS THAN 5 YEARS
      • 7. 5 YEARS OR MORE
      • 8. DON’T KNOW
    • ALL → OPG MODULE
  • Purpose:
    • Module OPG “Own use production of other goods” is asked of all respondents of working age. The purpose of the module is to identify those engaged in own use production of goods other than farming or fishing, which have already been covered in earlier modules. For those respondents who participated in any of the activities covered there are additional questions on time spent in the reference week.
    Adaptation:
    • This module is optional and should be used in contexts where comprehensive measures of participation and time spent in own use production of goods are sought. Countries may wish to include this module periodically to obtain benchmarks, depending on national demand. Countries should review the set of activities included and remove those of low national relevance. Other activities could be added subject to appropriate development and testing processes.
    Module OPG: Own use production of other goods (ALL)
    • READ: I am now going to ask you some questions about (other) unpaid activities you may have done to produce different goods for use by your household or family.
    • Purpose:
      • To generate estimates of participation in own use production of goods by type of activity.
      Adaptation:
      • It refers to activities falling under ISIC rev4. Class 0230 “gathering of non-wood forest products” when intended for own final consumption by the household or family. This includes gathering wild fruits, nuts, mushrooms, roots and medicinal and other plants intended mainly as foodstuff for the household.
      • . The list of foodstuff covered should be reviewed to include nationally representative examples
      • Any time spent in the activity in the reference week should be recorded, even if less than 1 hour.
      • It excludes harvesting activities of crops, fruits or vegetables the respondents household or family cultivated themselves.
      • It excludes cases where the respondent had to pay someone else for the foodstuff gathered (for example gathering apples in another person’s orchard and then paying for the apples).
      • This only includes activities where the foodstuff collected was mainly or fully kept for household or family use.
      OPG_1. Last week, did (you/NAME) you gather wild food such as [mushrooms, berries, herbs...]?
      • 1. YES
      • 2. NO → OPG_3
    • Purpose:
      • To generate estimates of hours spent in own use production of goods by type of activity.
      Adaptation:
      • Record activities in 0.5 hour intervals. Round to the nearest 0.5 hours as needed.
      • If the respondent requires assistance to estimate the hours spent invite them to describe the hours spent on each day of the reference week, one at a time.
      OPG_2. How many hours did (you/NAME) spend doing this last week?
      • HOURS LAST WEEK ___ (997 FOR DON’T KNOW)
    • Purpose:
      • To generate estimates of participation in own use production of goods by type of activity.
      Adaptation:
      • It refers to activities falling under ISIC rev4. Class 0170 “hunting, trapping and related service activities” when intended for own final consumption or use by the household or family. This includes hunting and trapping animals mainly to obtain meat, hair, skin, bone or other products
      • The list of animals/products covered should be reviewed to include nationally representative examples
      • Any time spent in the activity in the reference week should be recorded, even if less than 1 hour.
      • This only includes activities where the products are mainly or fully intended for household or family use.
      OPG_3. Last week, did (you/NAME) go hunting for [bush meat...]?
      • 1. YES
      • 2. NO → OPG_5
    • Purpose:
      • To generate estimates of hours spent in own use production of goods by type of activity.
      Adaptation:
      • Record activities in 0.5 hour intervals. Round to the nearest 0.5 hours as needed.
      • If the respondent requires assistance to estimate the hours spent invite them to describe the hours spent on each day of the reference week, one at a time.
      OPG_4. How many hours did (you/NAME) spend doing this last week?
      • HOURS LAST WEEK ___ (997 FOR DON’T KNOW)
    • Purpose:
      • To generate estimates of participation in own use production of goods by type of activity.
      Adaptation:
      • The list of foodstuff covered should be reviewed to include nationally representative examples
      • Any time spent in the activity in the reference week should be recorded, even if less than 1 hour.
      • It includes activities such as processing and preserving meat and fish products (e.g. curing, smoking, drying, salting); making dairy products such as butter, cream, cheese etc.; processing and preserving fruits and vegetables (e.g. pickling, salting, roasting, grinding, oil pressing, jam- and jelly-making, canning); processing grains (e.g. husking, drying, threshing); making flour, grain mill products, starches and starch products; brewing, fermenting and preparing drinks for storage.
      • It excludes preparation of foodstuff/meals and beverages intended for immediate consumption or consumption in a short period after their preparation (e.g. meals which are prepared then frozen to be consumed within a few days of preparation).
      • This only includes activities where the foodstuff prepared was mainly or fully kept for household or family use.
      OPG_5. Last week, did (you/NAME) prepare preserved food or drinks for storage such as [flour, dried fish, butter, cheese...]?
      • 1. YES
      • 2. NO → OPG_7
    • Purpose:
      • To generate estimates of hours spent in own use production of goods by type of activity.
      Adaptation:
      • Record activities in 0.5 hour intervals. Round to the nearest 0.5 hours as needed.
      • If the respondent requires assistance to estimate the hours spent invite them to describe the hours spent on each day of the reference week, one at a time.
      OPG_6. How many hours did (you/NAME) spend doing this last week?
      • HOURS LAST WEEK ___ (997 FOR DON’T KNOW)
    • Purpose:
      • To generate estimates of participation in own use production of goods by type of activity.
      Adaptation:
      • Any time spent in the activity in the reference week should be recorded, even if less than 1 hour.
      • It includes activities performed in relation the construction and major repair of the household dwellings and other structures such as building animal sheds, roof, walls, and fences, storage facilities for produce, garage; demolition or wrecking of building structures. It also includes activities to acquire inputs and materials for construction or major repair, including collecting wood, palm leaf, bamboo, stone, making bricks for use in repairs or construction of own property etc. except where those inputs and materials are purchased.
      • It excludes more minor maintenance activities such as painting, decorating or maintaining the home, doing minor repairs, installing fixtures and fittings such as lights, bathroom fittings etc.
      OPG_7. Last week, did (you/NAME) do any construction work to build, renovate or extend the family home or help a family member with similar work?
      • 1. YES
      • 2. NO → OPG_9
    • Purpose:
      • To generate estimates of hours spent in own use production of goods by type of activity.
      Adaptation:
      • Record activities in 0.5 hour intervals. Round to the nearest 0.5 hours as needed.
      • If the respondent requires assistance to estimate the hours spent invite them to describe the hours spent on each day of the reference week, one at a time.
      OPG_8. How many hours did (you/NAME) spend doing this last week?
      • HOURS LAST WEEK ___ (997 FOR DON’T KNOW)
    • Purpose:
      • To generate estimates of participation in own use production of goods by type of activity.
      Adaptation:
      • The list of examples should be updated to reflect nationally representative activities.
      • Any time spent in the activity in the reference week should be recorded, even if less than 1 hour.
      • It includes activities to produce household goods, excluding foodstuff, such as pottery, furniture (e.g. cutting, carving, sanding, varnishing, painting, assembling wood products), clothing and other textiles (e.g. weaving, spinning, sewing, leather work, embroidery, needlework, knitting, etc); making shoes, footwear, handbags, carpets, baskets, mats, paper, paper products, soap, perfume, candles, utensils and other crafts.
      • This only includes activities where the goods produced were mainly or fully kept for household or family use.
      OPG_9. Last week, did (you/NAME) spend any time making goods for use by your household or family such as [mats, baskets, furniture, clothing,..]?
      • 1. YES
      • 2. NO → OPG_11
    • Purpose:
      • To generate estimates of hours spent in own use production of goods by type of activity.
      Adaptation:
      • Record activities in 0.5 hour intervals. Round to the nearest 0.5 hours as needed.
      • If the respondent requires assistance to estimate the hours spent invite them to describe the hours spent on each day of the reference week, one at a time.
      OPG_10. How many hours did (you/NAME) spend doing this last week?
      • HOURS LAST WEEK ___ (997 FOR DON’T KNOW)
    • Purpose:
      • To generate estimates of participation in own use production of goods by type of activity.
      Adaptation:
      • Any time spent in the activity in the reference week should be recorded, even if less than 1 hour.
      • It includes activities to fetch water from natural or public sources when intended mainly for final use by the household. This includes drawing water from wells, rivers, ponds or lakes for domestic use; or fetching water from public distribution centres including pipes.
      • It excludes purchase and transport of water from shops and transport of water from different areas within the household compound, such as a private patio.
      OPG_11. Last week, did (you/NAME) fetch water from natural or public sources for use by your household or family?
      • 1. YES
      • 2. NO → OPG_13
    • Purpose:
      • To generate estimates of hours spent in own use production of goods by type of activity.
      Adaptation:
      • Record activities in 0.5 hour intervals. Round to the nearest 0.5 hours as needed.
      • If the respondent requires assistance to estimate the hours spent invite them to describe the hours spent on each day of the reference week, one at a time.
      OPG_12. How many hours did (you/NAME) spend doing this last week?
      • HOURS LAST WEEK ___ (997 FOR DON’T KNOW)
    • Purpose:
      • To generate estimates of participation in own use production of goods by type of activity.
      Adaptation:
      • Any time spent in the activity in the reference week should be recorded, even if less than 1 hour.
      • It includes activities related to cutting, collecting and transporting firewood, dung, peat or other fuel products when intended mainly for final use by the household.
      • It excludes activities to purchase products for use as fuels and transportation of purchased products.
      • This only includes activities where the products/fuel gathered was mainly or fully kept for household or family use.
      OPG_13. Last week, did (you/NAME) collect any firewood [or other natural products] for use as fuel by your household or family?
      • 1. YES
      • 2. NO → ETM_1
    • Purpose:
      • To generate estimates of hours spent in own use production of goods by type of activity.
      Adaptation:
      • Record activities in 0.5 hour intervals. Round to the nearest 0.5 hours as needed.
      • If the respondent requires assistance to estimate the hours spent invite them to describe the hours spent on each day of the reference week, one at a time.
      OPG_14. How many hours did (you/NAME) spend doing this last week?
      • HOURS LAST WEEK ___ (997 FOR DON’T KNOW)
  • Purpose:
    • To register the end time of the personal interview
    Module ETM: End of Personal Interview (ALL)
    • Purpose:
      • To enable calculation of the total duration of the individual interviews
      • To support analysis of respondent burden by individual characteristics of the respondent
      Adaptation:
      • To be recorded in hours AND minutes, for each personal interview
      • The end time of the individual interview should be recorded at the end of the individual interview
      • Guidelines should be established to document interruptions, for example lasting more than 5 minutes, as per national survey practice
      ETM_1. INTERVIEWER RECORD THE END TIME OF THE PERSONAL INTERVIEW
      • HH:MM __:__

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