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Labour force survey (LFS) questionnaire toolkit

Table of Contents

National labour force surveys are the main source behind essential headline indicators of the labour market and the world of work. A wide range of economic and social policies, from monetary and fiscal policies to employment, decent work, vocational education and training, and a wide range of poverty reduction and social inclusion policies depend on labour force surveys as their main source of statistics for informed decision-making and monitoring.

To support countries in developing their national LFS, the ILO Department of Statistics maintains a set of model LFS resources to support PAPI and CAPI data collection. The ILO model LFS resources consolidate existing good survey practice and new approaches following evidence from ILO’s LFS testing programme to support the collection of work and labour market data, aligned with the latest international standards.

Overview of resources

The ILO model LFS resources provided here include:

  • Modular questionnaires
  • Accompanying national adaptation guides
  • Variable derivation flow-charts and syntax
  • LFS integration guide (for special add-on modules)
  • Build your own LFS tool (beta version) for CAPI users
Topics covered include:
  • Basic demographics, education, international migration status, disability status to support essential disaggregations needed to monitor Decent Work, SDGs and other national and global goals.
  • Labour force status, labour underutilization including time-related underemployment, unemployment, long-term unemployment, discouragement, potential labour force, previous employment experience;
  • Special add-on modules covering emerging work-related topics for use on a less frequent basis, including volunteer work, skills mismatches, barriers to the labour market entry of persons with disabilities, return migrant works, and others.
  • Current employment, including multiple job holding, occupation, industry, institutional sector, status in employment, informal sector employment and informal employment, contract characteristics, job-related social protection; identification of policy priority groups such as domestic workers, home-based workers, dependent contractors and others.
  • Own-use production of goods in agriculture, fishing, fetching water, collecting firewood, manufacture of other household items, and own-dwelling construction or renovation, as per national relevance.

PAPI resources

Paper and pencil interviewing (PAPI) remains an important method of LFS data collection in many countries and regions around the world. Updating LFS questionnaires implemented through PAPI to incorporate the latest international standards in labour statistics can be an important challenge.

The ILO model LFS for PAPI is designed using a modular approach to facilitate selection of topics relevant to the national context and simplified skip instructions to enable interviewers to manage a good quality interview flow using paper questionnaires.

LFS model modules, documentation, and guidance

Household module
(required)

Core LFS modules
(select one)

Add-on modules
(optional)

For countries with low prevalence of small-scale own-account farming or fishing

For countries with high prevalence of small-scale own-account farming or fishing

For countries wishing to capture main activity as self-declared in addition to labour force status

Self-perceived mismatches by level of education, field of study and type of skills among employed persons

Participation and time spent in volunteer work, including organization-based and direct volunteering, and essential characteristics of the volunteer work activities

Guidance on implementing the add-on module for own-use provision of services in national labour force surveys

Different barriers to the labour market integration of persons with disabilities

Occupational accidents, occupational injuries, work-related health problems, and exposure to risk factors at workplace

CAPI resources

Computer Assisted Interview methods are being increasingly used in survey implementation. Questionnaires implemented in this way can utilise in-built features to improve the flow of the questionnaire for the interviewer and respondent versus pen and paper questionnaires. This not only lowers respondent burden, but it also increases the ability to create more varied and wide-ranging questionnaires, which is more difficult to manage through PAPI. Furthermore, the ability to capture data electronically creates both data quality and efficiency gains given the possibility to implement improved real-time validations and the removal of the need for manual data entry. As such, CAPI and other computer assisted interviewing methods offer a wide range of benefits both for data quality but also in efficiency, flexibility and adaptability of surveys.

Computer-Assisted Personal Interviewing (CAPI) is transforming survey data collection, employing computer or tablet technology for in-person questionnaire administration. With CAPI, interviewers interact directly with respondents, leveraging advanced tools to streamline the interview process. These resources enhance questionnaire delivery, enable real-time data validation, and ensure accurate data capture, marking a significant advancement in survey methodology.

CAPI LFS documentation​

Household module (required)

Labour modules

Household roster, demographics, education, international migration status, disability status

Current employment, main and second job characteristics, job search and availability, own-use production of goods

Build your own LFS - Programme builder (beta)

The programme builder is not available on a mobile. Please use a larger device to use this tool.

The easy-to-use “Build your own LFS” tool generates a CAPI application for CSPro which can be deployed for use on android devices. This beta version is being launched to support testing and as an illustration of the added functionality and user customization coming soon!

Future updates will include more advanced tools to support national adaptation of the model LFS questions, new modules covering related topics, additional administrative modules to handle sample management, interviewer workload assignment, field supervision, French and Spanish language versions, among many others.

FAQs

This will depend on your resources. Both can be used to successfully carry out a labour force survey.

As of 2024, almost half of ILO Member States have adopted the standards from the 19th ICLS. We can provide examples of LFS questionnaires on demand, selecting those countries that have the most similar labour market situation as in your country.

The steps will depend on your current situation, such as the existence, frequency and contents of an existing LFS questionnaire. The ILO does not necessarily need to be involved but it would be a missed opportunity not to rely on our expertise to  implement a revised LFS questionnaire or carry one out for the first time.

COVID-19 data collection guidance

COVID-19

This page discusses the impact of the pandemic on labour markets and the collection of labour statistics. It features guidance for data producers.

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